The Gestation Of German Biology: Philosophy And Physiology From Stahl To Schelling by John H. ZammitoThe Gestation Of German Biology: Philosophy And Physiology From Stahl To Schelling by John H. Zammito

The Gestation Of German Biology: Philosophy And Physiology From Stahl To Schelling

byJohn H. Zammito

Hardcover | December 18, 2017

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The emergence of biology as a distinct science in the eighteenth century has long been a subject of scholarly controversy. Michel Foucault, on the one hand, argued that its appearance only after 1800 represented a fundamental rupture with the natural history that preceded it, marking the beginnings of modernity. Ernst Mayr, on the other hand, insisted that even the word "biology" was unclear in its meaning as late as 1800, and that the field itself was essentially prospective well into the 1800s.
 
In The Gestation of German Biology, historian of ideas John Zammito presents a different version of the emergence of the field, one that takes on both Foucault and Mayr and emphasizes the scientific progress throughout the eighteenth century that led to the recognition of the need for a special science. The embrace of the term biology around 1800, Zammito shows, was the culmination of a convergence between natural history and human physiology that led to the development of comparative physiology and morphology—the foundations of biology. Magisterial in scope, Zammito’s book offers nothing less than a revisionist history of the field, with which anyone interested in the origins of biology will have to contend.
John Zammito is the John Antony Weir Professor of History at Rice University. He is the author, most recently, of Kant, Herder, and the Birth of Anthropology and The Genesis of Kant's Critique of Judgment, both published by the University of Chicago Press.
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Title:The Gestation Of German Biology: Philosophy And Physiology From Stahl To SchellingFormat:HardcoverDimensions:560 pages, 9 × 6 × 1.5 inPublished:December 18, 2017Publisher:University of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:022652079X

ISBN - 13:9780226520797

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Table of Contents

Introduction. The Gestation of German Biology

Chapter One. Animism and Organism: G. E. Stahl and the Halle Medical Faculty
Chapter Two. Making Life Science Newtonian: Albrecht von Haller’s Self-Fashioning as Natural Scientist
Chapter Three. Albrecht von Haller as Arbiter of German Medicine: Göttingen and Bern (1736–1777)
Chapter Four. French Vital Materialism
Chapter Five. Taking Up the French Challenge: The German Response
Chapter Six. From Natural History to History of Nature: From Buffon to Kant and Herder (and Blumenbach)
Chapter Seven. Johann Friedrich Blumenbach and the Life Sciences in Germany: His Rise to Eminence from the 1770s
Chapter Eight. Blumenbach, Kant, and the “Daring Adventure” of an “Archaeology of Nature”
Chapter Nine. Carl Friedrich Kielmeyer and “an Entirely New Epoch of Natural History”
Chapter Ten. Polarität und Steigerung: The Self-Organization of Nature and the Actualization of Life
Chapter Eleven. Naturphilosophie and Physiology

Acknowledgments
Notes
Index