The Glaciers of Equatorial East Africa by S. HastenrathThe Glaciers of Equatorial East Africa by S. Hastenrath

The Glaciers of Equatorial East Africa

byS. Hastenrath

Paperback | November 20, 2013

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In the course of a decade's work on the mountains of East Africa, I met some of the most wonderful people on Earth. It is impossible to record all those who have helped me in this study in one way or other. Glacier research in East Africa has some history. Nearly half a century ago, Carl Troll completed the first detailed mapping of Lewis Glacier. I had the good fortune of exchanging ideas with him at his home in Bonn in 1974, shortly before his death. Paul C. Spink, Ulceby, North lincolnshire, England, shared with me his photographs and observations on Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya in the 1940s. When I joined the University of Nairobi in 1973, several members of the 1957-58 IGY Mc)Unt Kenya :Expedition were still there. I received generous advice and help from Igor Loupekine, John Loxton, but especially from Robert A. Caukwell and Frank Charnley. Their continuous coopera­ tion was a great encouragement over the years. Heinz Loeffler, University of Vienna, informed me about the depth of Lewis Tarn. Helmut Heuberger, University of Munich, provided me data on his measurements of glacier terminus positions. Peter Gollmer of Geosurveys and Alan Root, Nairobi, gave me aerial photographs of Kibo f<_om20_the20_early20_1970s.20_i20_acknowledge20_support20_from20_various20_other20_colleagues20_at20_the20_university20_of20_nairobi3a_20_raouf20_rostom20_of20_the20_department20_of20_surveying20_and20_photogrammetry3b_20_neville20_skinner20_of20_the20_department20_of20_physics3b_20_g.20_c.20_asnani2c_20_john20_ng27_27_anga2c_20_j.20_k. the="" early="" 1970s.="" i="" acknowledge="" support="" from="" various="" other="" colleagues="" at="" university="" of="" _nairobi3a_="" raouf="" rostom="" department="" surveying="" and="" _photogrammetry3b_="" neville="" skinner="" _physics3b_="" g.="" c.="" _asnani2c_="" john="" _ng27_27_anga2c_="" j.="">
Title:The Glaciers of Equatorial East AfricaFormat:PaperbackDimensions:353 pagesPublished:November 20, 2013Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9400962533

ISBN - 13:9789400962538


Table of Contents

1. Introduction.- 2. The Environmental Setting.- 2.1. Physiographic Structure.- 2.2. Atmospheric Circulation and Climate.- 2.3. Vegetation.- 2.4. Subnival Soil Forms.- 2.4.1. Nomenclature.- 2.4.2. Mountains of East Africa.- 2.4.3. Ethiopia.- 2.4.4. Southern Africa.- 2.4.5. Fossil forms.- 2.4.6. Synthesis.- 2.5. Lake Level Variations.- 3. Pleistocene and Early Holocene Glaciations.- 3.1. Kilimanjaro.- 3.2. Ruwenzori.- 3.3. Mount Kenya.- 3.4. Aberdares.- 3.5. Mount Elgon.- 3.6. Ethiopia.- 3.7. The Saharan Uplands.- 3.8. Southern Africa.- 3.9. Synthesis.- 4. The Recent Glaciation.- 4.1. Kilimanjaro.- 4.2. Ruwenzori.- 4.3. Mount Kenya.- 4.4. Glaciological Studies.- 4.5. Synthesis.- 5. Lewis Glacier, Mount Kenya.- 5.1. Design of the Field Program.- 5.1.1. Ice surface topography.- 5.1.2. Bedrock topography and ice thickness.- 5.1.3. Ice surface velocity.- 5.1.4. Net balance.- 5.1.5. Precipitation measurements.- 5.1.6. Water runoff.- 5.1.7. Surface heat budget.- 5.1.8. Stratigraphy.- 5.2. Morphology.- 5.2.1. Environment and geology.- 5.2.2. Seismic method.- Instrumentation.- Theory.- Observation program.- Evaluation.- 5.2.3. Gravimetry.- Instrumentation.- Theory.- Observation program.- Evaluation.- 5.2.4. Ice dynamics.- Theory.- 5.2.5. Synthesis of techniques.- 5.2.6. Bottom topography and ice volume.- 5.2.7. Long-term variations of ice extent and volume.- 5.3. Kinematics.- 5.3.1. Observations.- 5.3.2. Velocity and mass flux pattern.- 5.3.3. Crevasse pattern.- 5.3.4. Long-term variations of velocity.- 5.4. Mass and Heat Budget.- 5.4.1. Basic theory.- 5.4.2. Precipitation.- 5.4.3. Net balance.- 5.4.4. Water runoff.- 5.4.5. Global radiation.- 5.4.6. Albedo.- 5.4.7. Net longwave radiation.- 5.4.8. Net allwave radiation.- 5.4.9. Sensible heat flux and storage.- 5.4.10. Melting and sublimation.- 5.4.11. Closure of annual budgets.- 5.4.12. Diurnal forcing-response relationships.- 5.5. Ice Stratigraphy and Cores.- 5.6. Long-Term Climatic Forcing and Glacier Response.- 6. East African Glaciers and the Global Tropics.- 6.1. Pleistocene and Early Holocene Variations.- 6.2. The Recent Glaciation.- 6.3. Spatial Patterns of Ice Equilibrium Elevation.- 6.4. Lewis Glacier.- 6.5. Glacier-Climate Relationships.- 6.6. Recommendations.- Summary.- Abstract.- of Chapters.- APPENDIX 1 : List of Topographic Maps, Air Photographs, and Satellite Imagery.- APPENDIX 2 : List of Historical Photographs and Drawings.- APPENDIX 3: Data Supplied to World Glacier Inventory.- Author Index.

Editorial Reviews

`This book is a masterly compendium for those glaciologists seeking knowledge slightly outside their own specific fields of research.' Journal of Glaciology, 31 (1986)
`This is a timely, well-written, authoritative volume. I recommend it to those interested in claciology, tropical geomorphology, or climatology.' American Scientist (1986)