The Golden Bough: Abridged Edition by James Frazer

The Golden Bough: Abridged Edition

byJames FrazerIntroduction byGeorge W. StockingEditorGeorge Stocking

Paperback | January 1, 1998

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The landmark study of world myth and culture

Draws on myths, rituals, totems and taboos of ancient European and primitive cultures throughout the world. The third edition of this monumental study of folklore, magic, and religion was abridged by the authour into this single volume in 1922.

For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.

About The Author

James George Frazer was a British social anthropologist, folklorist, and classical scholar who taught for most of his life at Trinity College, Cambridge. Greatly influenced by Edward Burnett Tylor's Primitive Culture, published in 1871, he wrote The Golden Bough (1890), a massive reconstruction of the whole of human thought and custom ...
The Golden Bough
The Golden Bough

by James George Sir Frazer


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The Golden Bough (Vol. 1 of 2) - The Original Classic Edition
The Golden Bough (Vol. 1 of 2) - The Original Classic Edition

by James George Frazer


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Title:The Golden Bough: Abridged EditionFormat:PaperbackPublished:January 1, 1998Publisher:Penguin Publishing Group

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0140189319

ISBN - 13:9780140189315

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Table of Contents

Introduction: Outcast from the Islands: Frazer, The Golden Bough and Modern Anthropology
Preface to the 1922 abridgement

I. The King of the Wood
1. Diana and Virbius
2. Artemis and Hippolytus
3. Recapitulation

II. Priestly Kings

III. Sympathetic Magic
1. The Principles of Magic
2. Homoeopathic or Imitative Magic
3. Contagious Magic
4. The Magician's Progress

IV. Magic and Religion

V. The Magical Control of the Weather
1. The Public Magician
2. The Magical Control of Rain
3. The Magical Control of the Sun
4. The Magical Control of the Wind

VI. Magicians as Kings

VII. Incarnate Human Gods

VIII. Departmental Kings of Nature

IX. The Worship of Trees
1. Tree-spirits
2. Beneficent Powers of Tree-spirits

X. Relics of Tree-worship in Modern Europe

XI. The Influence of the Sexes on Vegetation

XII. The Sacred Marriage
1. Diana as a Goddess of Fertility
2. The Marriage of the Gods

XIII. The Kings of Rome and Alba
1. Numa and Egeria
2. The King as Jupiter

XIV. The Succession to the Kingdom in Ancient Latium

XV. The Worship of the Oak

XVI.Dianus and Diana

XVII. The Burden of Royalty
1. Royal and Priestly Taboos
2. Divorce of the Spiritual from the Temporal Power

XVIII. The Perils of the Soul
1. The Soul as a Mannikin
2. Absence and Recall of the Soul
3. The Soul as a Shadow and a Reflection

XIX. Tabooed Acts
1. Taboos on Intercourse with Strangers
2. Taboos on Eating and Drinking
3. Taboos on Showing the Face
4. Taboos on Quitting the House
5. Taboos on Leaving Food Over

XX. Tabooed Persons
1. Chiefs and Kings Tabooed
2. Mourners Tabooed
3. Women Tabooed at Menstruation and Childbirth
4. Warriors Tabooed
5. Manslayers Tabooed
6. Hunters and Fishers Tabooed

XXI. Tabooed Things
1. The Meaning of Taboo
2. Iron Tabooed
3. Sharp Weapons Tabooed
4. Blood Tabooed
5. The Head Tabooed
6. Hair Tabooed
7. Ceremonies at Hair-cutting
8. Disposal of Cut Hair and Nails
9. Spittle Tabooed
10. Foods Tabooed
11. Knots and Rings Tabooed

XXII. Tabooed Words
1. Personal Names Tabooed
2. Names of Relations Tabooed
3. Names of the Dead Tabooed
4. Names of Kings and Other Sacred Persons Tabooed
5. Names of Gods Tabooed

XXIII. Our Debt to the Savage

XXIV. The Killing of the Divine King
1. The Mortality of the Gods
2. Kings Killed When Their Strength Fails
3. Kings Killed at the End of a Fixed Term

XXV. Temporary Kings

XXVI. Sacrifice of the King's Son

XXVII. Succession to the Soul

XXVIII. The Killing of the Tree-spirit
1. The Whitsuntide Mummers
2. Burying the Carnival
3. Carrying out Death
4. Bringing in Summer
5. Battle of Summer and Winter
6. Death and Resurrection of Kostrubonko
7. Death and Revival of Vegetation
8. Analogous Rites in India
9. The Magic Spring

XXIX. The Myth of Adonis

XXX. Adonis in Syria

XXXI. Adonis in Cyprus

XXXII. The Ritual of Adonis

XXXIII. The Gardens of Adonis

XXXIV. The Myth and Ritual of Attis

XXXV. Attis as a God of Vegetation

XXXVI. Human Representatives of Attis

XXXVII. Oriental Religions in the West

XXXVIII. The Myth of Osiris

XXXIX. The Ritual of Osiris
1. The Popular Rites
2. The Official Rites

XL. The Nature of Osiris
1. Osiris a Corn-god
2. Osiris a Tree-spirit
3. Osiris a God of Fertility
4. Osiris a God of the Dead

XLI. Isis

XLII. Osiris and the Sun

XLIII. Dionysus

XLIV. Demeter and Persephone

XLV. The Corn-mother and the Corn-maiden in Northern Europe

XLVI. The Corn-mother in Many Lands
1. The Corn-mother in America
2. The Rice-mother in the East Indies
3. The Spirit of the Corn Embodied in Human Beings
4. The Double Personification of the Corn as Mother and Daughter

XLVII. Lityerses
1. Songs of the Corn-reapers
2. Killing the Corn-spirit
3. Human Sacrifices for the Crops
4. The Corn-spirit Slain in his Human Representatives

XLVIII. The Corn-spirit as an Animal
1. Animal Embodiments of the Corn-spirit
2. The Corn-spirit as a Wolf or a Dog
3. The Corn-spirit as a Cock
4. The Corn-spirit as a Hare
5. The Corn-spirit as a Cat
6. The Corn-spirit as a Goat
7. The Corn-spirit as a Bull, Cow, or Ox
8. The Corn-spirit as a Horse or Mare
9. The Corn-spirit as a Pig (Boar or Sow)
10. On the Animal Embodiments of the Corn-spirit

XLIX. Ancient Deities of Vegetation as Animals
1. Dionysus, the Goat and the Bull
2. Demeter, the Pig and the Horse
3. Attis, Adonis, and the Pig
4. Osiris, the Pig and the Bull
5. Virbius and the Horse

L. Eating the God
1. The Sacrament of First-fruits
2. Eating the God among the Aztecs
3. Many Manii at Aricia

LI. Homoeopathic Magic of a Flesh Diet

LII. Killing the Divine Animal
1. Killing the Sacred Buzzard
2. Killing the Sacred Ram
3. Killing the Sacred Serpent
4. Killing the Sacred Turtles
5. Killing the Sacred Bear

LIII. The Propitiation of Wild Animals by Hunters

LIV. Types of Animal Sacrament

1. The Egyptian and the Aino Types of Sacrament
2. Processions with Sacred Animals

LV. The Transference of Evil
1. The Transference to Inanimate Objects
2. The Transference to Animals
3. The Transference to Men
4. The Transference of Evil in Europe

LVI. The Public Expulsion of Evils
1. The Omnipresence of Demons
2. The Occasional Expulsion of Evils
3. The Periodic Expulsion of Evils

LVII. Public Scapegoats
1. The Expulsion of Embodied Evils
2. The Occasional Expulsion of Evils in a Material Vehicle
3. The Periodic Expulsion of Evils in a Material Vehicle
4. On Scapegoats in General

LVIII. Human Scapegoats in Classical Antiquity
1. The Human Scapegoat in Ancient Rome
2. The Human Scapegoat in Ancient Greece
3. The Roman Saturnalia

LIX. Killing the God in Mexico

LX. Between Heaven and Earth
1. Not to Touch the Earth
2. Not to See the Sun
3. The Seclusion of Girls at Puberty
4. Reasons for the Seclusion of Girls at Puberty

LXI. The Myth of Balder

LXII. The Fire-festivals of Europe
1. The Fire-festivals in General
2. The Lenten Fires
3. The Easter Fires
4. The Beltane Fires
5. The Midsummer Fires
6. The Hallowe'en Fires
7. The Midwinter Fires
8. The Need-fire

LXIII. The Interpretation of the Fire-festivals
1. On the Fire-festivals in General
2. The Solar Theory of the Fire-festivals
3. The Purifactory Theory of the Fire-festivals

LXIV. The Burning of Human Beings in the Fires
1. The Burning of Effigies in the Fires
2. The Burning of Men and Animals in the Fires

LXV. Balder and the Mistletoe

LXVI. The External Soul in Folk-tales

LXVII. The External Soul in Folk-custom
1. The External Soul in Inanimate Things
2. The External Soul in Plants
3. The External Soul in Animals
4. The Ritual of Death and Resurrection

LXVIII. The Golden Bough

LXIX. Farewell to Nemi


From Our Editors

A monumental study of comparative folklore and religion, THE GOLDEN BOUGH was originally published in two volumes in 1890, grew to 12 volumes for the third edition in 1915, then abridged by the author into this one-volume edition in 1922. Drawing on the beliefs and customs of ancient European civilizations and primitive cultures throughout the world, James Frazer's work continues to be an important reference