The Grammar of Knowledge: A Cross-Linguistic Typology

Hardcover | March 27, 2014

EditorAlexandra Y. Aikhenvald, R. M. W. Dixon

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The Grammar of Knowledge offers both a linguistic and anthropological perspective on the expression of information sources, as well as inferences, assumptions, probability and possibility, and gradations of doubt and beliefs in a range of languages. The book investigates twelve differentlanguages, from families including Tibeto-Burman, Nakh-Dagestani, and Austronesian, all of which share the property of requiring the source of information to be specified in every sentence. In these languages, it may not be possible to say merely that "the man went fishing". Instead, the source ofevidence for the statement must also be specified, usually through the use of evidential markers. For example, it may be necessary to indicate whether the speaker saw the man go fishing; has simply assumed that the man went fishing; or was told that he went fishing by a third party. Some languages, such as Hinuq and Tatar, distinguish between first-hand and non first-hand information sources; others, such as Ersu, mark three distinct types of information - directly required, inferred or assumed, and reported. Some require an even greater level of specification: AsheninkaPerene, from South America, has a specific marker to express suspicions or misgivings. Like others in the series, the book illustrates and examines these aspects of language in different cultural and linguistic settings. It will interest linguists of all persuasions as well as linguistically-mindedanthropologists.

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The Grammar of Knowledge offers both a linguistic and anthropological perspective on the expression of information sources, as well as inferences, assumptions, probability and possibility, and gradations of doubt and beliefs in a range of languages. The book investigates twelve differentlanguages, from families including Tibeto-Burman,...

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald is Distinguished Professor, Australian Laureate Fellow, and Director of the Language and Culture Research Centre at James Cook University. She is a major authority on languages of the Arawak family, from northern Amazonia, and has written grammars of Bare (1995) and Warekena (1998), plus A Grammar of Tariana, f...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:336 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.01 inPublished:March 27, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198701314

ISBN - 13:9780198701316

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Table of Contents

1. Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald: The grammar of knowledge: a cross-linguistic view of evidentials and the expression of information source2. Diana Forker: The grammar of knowledge in Hinuq3. Teija Greed: Expression of knowledge in Tatar4. Chia-jung Pan: The grammar of knowledge in Saaroa5. Gwendolyn Hyslop: The grammar of knowledge in Kurtop: evidentiality, mirativity, and expectation of knowledge6. Sihong Zhang: Evidentiality in Ersu7. Elena Skribnik and Olga Seesing: Evidentiality in Kalmyk8. R. M. W. Dixon: The non-visible marker in Dyirbal9. Anne Storch and Jules Jacques Coly: The grammar of knowledge in Maaka (Western Chadic, Nigeria)10. Elena Mihas: Expression of information-source meanings in Asheninca Perene11. Simon E. Overall: Nominalization, knowledge, and information source in Aguarana12. Gerrit J. Dimmendaal: The grammar of knowledge in Tima13. Borut Telban: Saying, seeing, and knowing among the Karawari of Papua New Guinea