Gabriel examines 18 ancient army systems, examining the organizational structure and weapons employed and the degree to which cultural values and imperatives shaped the form and application of military force. The tactical doctrines and specific operational capabilities of each army are analyzed to explain how certain technical limitations and societal/cultural imperatives affected the operational capabilities of ancient armies. Cross-cultural and cross-historical connections ground the analysis in the larger historical context of the ancient world. BLSumer and Akkad BLThe Armies of the Pharaohs BLThe Hittites BLThe Mitanni BLArmies of the Bible BLThe Iron Army of Assyria BLChinese Armies BLPersia and the Art of Logistics BLThe Greeks BLCarthaginian Armies BLArmies of India BLRome BLThe Iberians, Celts, Germans, and Goths BLThe Army of Byzantium BLThe Vikings BLThe Arab Armies BLThe Japanese Way of War BLThe Mongols BLThe Ottomans This book also provides an introductory overview of war in the ancient world, from 2500 B.C.E. to 1453 C.E., as well as an examination of the evolution of modern warfare from 1453 to 2002 C.E.