The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy by Norman MelchertThe Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy by Norman Melchert

The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy

byNorman Melchert

Hardcover | January 28, 2014

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Tracing the exchange of ideas between history's key philosophers, The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy, Seventh Edition, demonstrates that while constructing an argument or making a claim, one philosopher almost always has others in mind. It addresses the fundamentalquestions of human life: Who are we? What can we know? How should we live? and What sort of reality do we inhabit? Author Norman Melchert provides a generous selection of excerpts from major philosophical works and makes them more easily understandable to students with his lucid and engaging explanations. Extensive cross referencing shows students how philosophers respond appreciatively or critically to thethoughts of other philosophers. The text is enhanced by two types of exercises - "Basic Questions" and "For Further Thought" - and numerous illustrations. The Great Conversation, Seventh Edition, is also available in two paperback volumes to suit your course needs. Volume I: Pre-Socratics through Descartes includes chapters 1-13 of the combined volume, while Volume II: Descartes through Derrida and Quine includes chapters 12-26.
Norman Melchert is Selfridge Professor of Philosophy Emeritus and a former Acting Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at Lehigh University.
Title:The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to PhilosophyFormat:HardcoverDimensions:800 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.98 inPublished:January 28, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

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ISBN - 10:0199999651

ISBN - 13:9780199999651

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Table of Contents

* = New to this EditionA Word to InstructorsA Word to StudentsAcknowledgmentsTimeline1. Before Philosophy: Myth in Hesiod and HomerHesiod: War among the GodsHomer: Heroes, Gods, and Excellence2. Philosophy before SocratesThales: The One as WaterAnaximander: The One as the BoundlessXenophanes: The Gods as FictionsSketch: PythagorasHeraclitus: Oneness in the LogosProfile: The TaoParmenides: Only the OneZeno: The Paradoxes of Common SenseAtomism: The One and the Many ReconciledThe Key: An AmbiguityThe WorldThe SoulHow to Live3. The Sophists: Rhetoric and Relativism in AthensDemocracyThe Persian WarsThe SophistsRhetoricRelativismPhysics and NomosAthens and Sparta at WarAristophanes and Reaction4. Socrates: To Know OneselfCharacterIs Socrates a Sophist?What Socrates "Knows"We Ought to Search for TruthHuman Excellence Is KnowledgeAll Wrongdoing Is Due to IgnoranceThe Most Important Thing of All is to Care for Your Soul5. The Trial and Death of SocratesEuthyphroTranslator's IntroductionThe DialogueCommentary and QuestionsApologyTranslator's IntroductionThe DialogueCommentary and QuestionsCritoTranslator's IntroductionThe DialogueCommentary and QuestionsPhaedo (Death Scene)Translator's IntroductionThe DialogueCommentary and Questions6. Plato: Knowing the Real and the GoodKnowledge and OpinionMaking the DistinctionWe Do Know Certain TruthsThe Objects of KnowledgeThe Reality of the FormsThe World and the FormsHow Forms Are Related to the WorldLower and Higher FormsThe Form of the GoodThe Love of WisdomWhat Wisdom IsLove and WisdomThe SoulThe Immortality of the SoulThe Structure of the SoulMoralityThe StateProblems with the Forms7. Aristotle: The Reality of the WorldAristotle and PlatoOtherworldlinessThe Objects of KnowledgeHuman NatureRelativism and SkepticismEthicsLogic and KnowledgeTerms and StatementsTruthReasons Why: The SyllogismKnowing First PrinciplesThe WorldNatureThe Four "Becauses"Is There Purpose in Nature?TeleologyFirst PhilosophyNot Plato's FormsWhat of Mathematics?Substance and FormPure ActualitiesGodThe SoulLevels of SoulSoul and BodyNousThe Good LifeHappinessVirtue or Excellence (Arete)The Role of ReasonResponsibilityThe Highest Good8. Epicureans, Stoics, and Skeptics: Happiness for the ManyThe EpicureansThe Stoics* Profile: Marcus AureliusThe Skeptics9. Jews and Christians: Sin, Salvation, and LoveBackgroundJesusThe Meaning of Jesus10. Augustine: God and the SoulWisdom, Happiness, and GodGod and the WorldThe Great Chain of BeingEvilTimeHuman Nature and Its CorruptionHuman Nature and Its RestorationAugustine on RelativismThe Two CitiesAugustine and the PhilosophersReason and AuthorityIntellect and WillEpicureans and Stoices11. Anselm and Aquinas: Existence and Essence in God and the WorldAnselm: On That, Than Which No Greater Can Be ConceivedThomas Aquinas: Rethinking AristotleSketch: Avicenna (Ibn Sina)Philosophy and TheologyExistence and EssenceSketch: Averroes (Ibn Rushd)From Creation to GodThe Nature of GodSketch: Maimonides (Moses Ben Maimon)Humans: Their SoulsHumans: Their KnowledgeHumans: Their GoodOckham and Skeptical Doubts--Again12. Moving from Medieval to ModernThe World God Made for UsThe HumanistsReforming the ChurchSkeptical Thoughts RevivedCopernicus to Kepler to Galileo: The Great Triple Play13. Rene Descartes: Doubting Our Way to CertaintyThe MethodMeditations on First PhilosophyMeditation IMeditation IIMeditation IIIMeditation IVMeditation VMeditation VIWhat Has Descartes Done?A New Ideal for KnowledgeA New Vision of RealityProblemsThe Preeminence of Epistemology14. Hobbes, Locke, and Berkeley: Materialism and the Beginnings of EmpiricismThomas Hobbes: Catching Persons in the Net of the New ScienceMethodMinds and MotivesSketch: Francis BaconThe Natural Foundation of Moral RulesJohn Locke: Looking to ExperienceOrigin of IdeasIdea of SubstanceIdea of the SoulIdea of Personal IdentityLanguage and EssenceThe Extent of KnowledgeOf Representative GovernmentOf TolerationGeorge Berkeley: Ideas into ThingsAbstract IdeasIdeas and ThingsGod15. David Hume: Unmasking the Pretensions of ReasonHow Newton Did ItTo Be the Newton of Human NatureThe Theory of IdeasThe Association of IdeasCausation: The Very IdeaThe Disappearing SelfSketch: The BuddhaRescuing Human FreedomIs It Reasonable to Believe in God?Understanding MoralityReason Is Not a MotivatorThe Origins of Moral JudgmentIs Hume a Skeptic?16. Immanuel Kant: Rehabilitating Reason (within Strict Limits)CritiqueJudgmentsGeometry, Mathematics, Space, and TimeCommon Sense, Science, and the A Priori CategoriesSketch: Baruch SpinozaPhenomena and NoumenaSketch: Gottfried Wilhelm von LeibnizReasoning and the Ideas of Metaphysics: God, World, and SoulThe SoulThe World and the Free WillGodThe Ontological ArgumentReason and MoralityThe Good WillThe Moral LawSketch: Jean-Jacques RousseauAutonomyFreedom17. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: Taking History SeriouslyHistorical and Intellectual ContextThe French RevolutionThe RomanticsEpistemology InternalizedSketch: Arthur SchopenhauerSelf and OthersStoic and Skeptical ConsciousnessHegel's Analysis of ChristianityReason and Reality: The Theory of IdealismSpirit Made Objective: The Social Character of EthicsHistory and Freedom18. Kierkegaard and Marx: Two Ways to "Correct" HegelKierkegaard: On Individual ExistenceThe AestheticThe EthicalThe ReligiousThe IndividualMarx: Beyond Alienation and ExploitationAlienation, Exploitation, and Private PropertyCommunism19. The Utilitarians: Moral Rules and the Happiness of All (Including Women)The Classic Utilitarians* Profile: Peter SingerThe Rights of Women20. Friedrich Nietzsche: The Value of ExistencePessimism and TragedyGood-bye Real WorldThe Death of GodRevaluation of ValuesMaster Morality/Slave MoralityProfile: Iris MurdochThe OvermanAffirming Eternal Recurrence21. The Pragmatists: Thought and ActionCharles Sanders PeirceFixing BeliefBelief and DoubtTruth and RealityMeaningSignsJohn DeweyThe Impact of DarwinNaturalized EpistemologySketch: William JamesNature and Natural ScienceValue Naturalized22. Ludwig Wittgenstein: Linguistic Analysis and Ordinary LanguageLanguage and Its LogicTractatus Logico-PhilosophicusSketch: Bertrand RussellPicturingThought and LanguageLogical TruthSaying and ShowingSetting the Limit to ThoughtValue and the SelfGood and Evil, Happiness and UnhappinessThe UnsayableProfile: The Logical PositivistsPhilosophical InvestigationsPhilosophical IllusionLanguage-GamesNaming and MeaningFamily ResemblancesThe Continuity of Wittgenstein's ThoughtProfile: ZenOur Groundless Certainty23. Martin Heidegger: The Meaning of BeingWhat Is the Question?The CluePhenomenologyBeing-in-the-WorldThe "Who" of DaseinModes of DisclosureAttunementUnderstandingDiscourseFalling-AwayIdle TalkCuriosityAmbiguityCareDeathConscience, Guilt, and ResolutenessTemporality as the Meaning of Care24. Simone de Beauvoir: Existentialist, FeministAmbiguityProfile: Jean-Paul SartreEthicsWoman25. Postmodernism: Derrida, Foucault, and RortyDeconstruction: Jacques Derrida* Writing, Iterability, Difference* Deconstructing a Text* Knowledge and Power: Michel Foucault* Archaeology of Knowledge* Genealogy* Liberal Ironist: Richard Rorty* Contingency, Truth, and Anti-essentialism* Liberalism and the Hope of Solidarity* Relativism26. * Physical Realism and the Mind: Quine, Dennett, Searle, Nagel, Jackson, and ChalmersScience, Common Sense, and Metaphysics: Willard van Orman QuineThe Matter of Minds* Intentionality* Intentional Systems: Daniel DennettThe Chinese Room: John SearleConsciousness: Nagel, Jackson, ChalmersAfterwordAppendix: Writing a Philosophy PaperCreditsGlossaryIndex