The Great Syrian Revolt and the Rise of Arab Nationalism

Paperback | August 1, 2005

byMichael Provence

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The Great Syrian Revolt of 1925 was the largest and longest-lasting anti-colonial insurgency in the inter-war Arab East. Mobilizing peasants, workers, and army veterans, rather than urban elites and nationalist intellectuals, it was the first mass movement against colonial rule in the Middle East. The revolt failed to liberate Syria from French occupation, but it provided a model of popular nationalism and resistance that remains potent in the Middle East today. Each subsequent Arab uprising against foreign rule has repeated the language and tactics of the Great Syrian Revolt.

In this work, Michael Provence uses newly released secret colonial intelligence sources, neglected memoirs, and popular memory to tell the story of the revolt from the perspective of its participants. He shows how Ottoman-subsidized military education created a generation of leaders of modest background who came to rebel against both the French Mandate rulers of Syria and the Syrian intellectuals and landowners who helped the colonial regime to function. This new popular nationalism was unprecedented in the Arab world. Provence shows compellingly that the Great Syrian Revolt was a formative event in shaping the modern Middle East.

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The Great Syrian Revolt of 1925 was the largest and longest-lasting anti-colonial insurgency in the inter-war Arab East. Mobilizing peasants, workers, and army veterans, rather than urban elites and nationalist intellectuals, it was the first mass movement against colonial rule in the Middle East. The revolt failed to liberate Syria fr...

MICHAEL PROVENCE is Associate Professor of History at the University of California, San Diego.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:223 pages, 8.98 × 5.94 × 0.65 inPublished:August 1, 2005Publisher:University Of Texas PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292706804

ISBN - 13:9780292706804

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsAbbreviationsTransliteration1. Introduction Greater Syria and Ottoman Rule Ottoman Reform The Great Syrian Revolt Contrasting Narratives Theorizing Insurgent and National Consciousness Sources2. The Hawrân Frontier Settling the Frontier Rural Autonomy and Commercial Integration Assimilating the Countryside: Education and the Army The Arab Revolt and the Hawrân Druze3. Mobilizing the Mountain Claiming the Mandate Governing Jabal Hawrân Organizing for Resistance4. Mobilizing the City Damascus The People's Party Making Contact with the Countryside Hawrân Peace Negotiations5. The Spread of Rebellion Urban Agitation Rebellion in Hamâh Rebellion in Damascus6. The Politics of Rebellion Insurgents in the Countryside of Damascus Elite Politics and Mandate Counterinsurgency Military Suppression and Mandate Counterinsurgency Debating Rebellion7. Epilogue and Conclusions Epilogue ConclusionsNotesBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

Anyone wishing to understand Syrian history or learn something of value about nascent Arab nationalism will profit from this book. - Timothy Giannuzzi