The Greeks: History, Culture, and Society by Ian MorrisThe Greeks: History, Culture, and Society by Ian Morris

The Greeks: History, Culture, and Society

byIan Morris, Barry B. Powell

Paperback | June 25, 2009

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Organized chronologically, this text presents a complete picture of Greek civilization as a history and features sections on the art, architecture, literature, and thought of each period.
Ian Morris is the Jean and Rebecca Willard Professor of Classics and Professor of History at Stanford University, where he teaches large lecture courses on ancient empires and Greek history. He is either the author or the editor of nine books on ancient history and archaeology, and directs a major archaeological excavation in Sicily. ...
Title:The Greeks: History, Culture, and SocietyFormat:PaperbackDimensions:576 pages, 9.1 × 7.2 × 1.1 inPublished:June 25, 2009Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0205697348

ISBN - 13:9780205697342

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Table of Contents





Pronunciation Guide

About the Authors



1.      A Small, Far-Off Land

            Historical Sketch

              Why Study the Greeks?

              Who Were the Greeks?

              The Structure of This Book: History, Culture, and Society

              Key Terms

              Further Reading

2.      Country and People

            Greek Geography, Climate, and Agriculture



            Health and Disease


            Economic Growth in Ancient Greece

              Key Terms

              Further Reading

3.      The Greeks at Home

              Gender Relationships: Ideals and Realities


              Adults and Children

              Key Terms

              Further Reading

4.      The Greeks Before History, 12,000-1200 B.C.

            The End of the Last Ice Age, 12,000-11,000 B.C.

            The Origins of Agriculture, 11,000-5000 B.C.

            Greeks and Indo-Europeans

            Neolithic Society and Economy, 5000-3000 B.C.

            The Early Bronze Age, 3000-2300 B.C.

            The Middle Bronze Age, 2300-800 B.C.

            The Age of Minoan Palaces, 2000-600 B.C.

            The Rise of Mycenaean Greece, 1750-500 B.C.

            The End of Minoan Civilization, 1600-1400 B.C.

            Mycenaean Greece: Archaeology, Linear B, and Homer

            The End of the Bronze Age, circa 200 B.C.

              Key Terms

              Further Reading

5.      The Dark Age, 1200-800 B.C.

              The Collapse of the Old States

              Life Among the Ruins

              Dark Age Heroes

              Art and Trade in the Dark Age

              The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Economy

              The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Society         

              The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Culture


              Key Terms

              Further Reading

6.      Homer

            The Homeric Question

            Milman Parry and Oral Poetry

            The Oral Poet in Homer

            Heinrich Schliemann and the Trojan War

            The Tragic Iliad

            Homer and the Invention of Plot

            The Comic Odyssey

            Odysseus and Homer

              Key Terms

              Further Reading

7.      Religion and Myth

            Definitions of Religion and Myth

              Hesiod’s Myth of the Origin of the Gods

            Greek Religion in History

            Forms of Greek Religious Practice

            Hesiod’s Myth of Sacrifice

            Gods and Other Mysterious Beings

            Chthonic Religion

            The Ungrateful Dead and the Laying of the Ghost

            Ecstatic and Mystical Religion


              Key Terms

              Further Reading

8.      Ancient Greece, 800-480 B.C.: Economy, Society, Politics

            Government by Oligarchy

            Elite Culture

            The Tyrants

            The Structure of Archaic States


              Key Terms

              Further Reading

9.      The Archaic Cultural Revolution, 700-480 B.C.

            Natural Philosophy in Miletus

            Pythagoras: Philosophy and Social Science in the West

             Hecataeus, Herodotus, and Historiê     

              Lyric poets

              Material Culture

              Art and Thought in Sixth-Century Greece

              Key Terms

              Further Reading

10.    A Tale of Two Archaic Cities: Sparta and Athens, 700-480 B.C.


              Spartiates, Perioikoi, and Helots

              Plutarch’s Sparta

              Spartan Government


              The Seventh-Century Crisis


              Pisistratus and the Consequences of Solon’s Reforms


              Athens Submits to Persia

              Key Terms

              Further Reading          

11.    Persia and the Greeks, 550-490 B.C.

              Empires of the Ancient Near East


              Cyrus and the Rise of Persia, 559—530 B.C.

              Cambyses and Darius, 530—52 B.C.

              Persia’s Northwest Frontier and the Ionian Revolt, 52—494 B.C.

              The Battle of Marathon, 490 B.C.

              Key Terms

              Further Reading                    

12.    The Great War, 480-479 B.C.

              Storm Clouds in the West

              Storm Clouds in the East

              The Storm Breaks in the West: The Battle of Himera, 480 B.C.

              The Storm Breaks in the East: The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 B.C.

              The Fall of Athens          

              The Battle of Salamis          

              The End of the Storm: Battles of Plataea and Mycale, 479 B.C.


              Key Terms   

              Further Reading

13.    Democracy and Empire; Athens and Syracuse, 479-431 B.C.

              The Expansion of the Syracusan State, 479—461 B.C.

              The Western Democracies, 461—433 B.C.

              Economic Growth in Western Greece, 479—433 B.C. Cimon and the Creation of the Athenian Empire, 478—461 B.C.

              The First Peloponnesian War, 460—446 B.C.

              Pericles and the Consolidation of Athenian Power, 446—433 B.C.

              Economic Growth in the Aegean

              The Edge of the Abyss, 433—431 B.C.

              Key Terms

              Further Reading

14.    Art and Thought in the Fifth Century B.C.


            Material Culture

              Key Terms

              Further Reading

15.    Fifth-Century Drama


            The City of Dionysia

            The Theater of Dionysus

            Narrative Structure

            Character and Other Dimensions of Tragedy

            Tragic Plots


            The Origins of Comedy

            The Plots of Old Comedy

            The Structures of Old Comedy


              Key Terms

              Further Reading

16.    The Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath, 431-399 B.C.

             The Archidamian War, 431—421 B.C.

              The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, 421—413 B.C.

              Sicily and the Carthaginian War, 412—404 B.C.

              The Ionian War, 412—404 B.C.

              Aftermath, 404—399 B.C.


              Key Terms

              Further Reading

17.    The Greeks between Persia and Carthage, 399-360 B.C.

              Sparta’s Empire, 404—360 B.C.

              Economy, Society, and War

              Sparta’s Collapse, 371 B.C.

              Anarchy in the Aegean, 371—360 B.C.

              Carthage and Syracuse, 404—360 B.C.

              The Golden Age of Syracuse, 393—367 B.C.

              Anarchy in the West, 367—345 B.C.


              Key Terms

              Further Reading

18.    Greek Culture in the Fourth Century B.C.

              Material Culture




              Key Terms

              Further Reading

19.    The Warlords of Macedon I: Philip II and Alexander the King

              Macedonia before Philip II

              Philip’s Struggle for Survival, 359—357 B.C.

              Philip Consolidates His Position, 357—352 B.C.

              Philip Seeks a Greek Peace, 352—346 B.C.

              The Struggle for a Greek Peace, 346—338 B.C.

              Philip’s End, 338—336 B.C.

              Alexander the King

              The Conquest of Persia, 334—330 B.C.

              Key Terms

              Further Reading

20.    The Warlords of Macedon II: Alexander the God

              The Fall of the Great King Darius, 331-330 B.C.

              After the War, 330—324 B.C.

              War in India, 327—326 B.C.

              The Long March Home, 326—324 B.C.

              The Last Days, 324—323 B.C.


              Key Terms

              Further Reading

21.    The Successors to Alexander, 323—220 B.C

             The Wars of the Successors, 323—301 B.C

              The Hellenistic World after Ipsus

              The Seleucid Empire 

              Ptolemaic Egypt

              The Antigonids: Macedonia          

              Key Terms          

             Further Reading

22.    The Greek Poleis, 323—220 B.C

              Impoverishment and Depopulation in Mainland Greece       

              Athens in Decline

              Sparta’s Counterrevolution

              The Western Greeks: Agathocles of Syracuse (361—289/8 B.C)

              Pyrrhus of Epirus

              Hellenistic Society: The Weakening of the Egalitarian Ideal


              Key Terms          

              Further Reading

23.    Hellenistic Culture, 323—30 B.C.

              Hellenistic Historians


              Material Culture

              Hellenistic Philosophy


              Quantitative Science in the Hellenistic Age


              Key Terms

              Further Reading

24.    The Coming of Rome, 220—30 B.C.

              The Rise of Rome, 753—280 B.C.

              Rome, Carthage, and the Western Greeks, 280—200 B.C.

              Rome Breaks the Hellenistic Empires, 200—167 B.C.

              Consequences of the Wars: The Greeks 

              Consequences of the Wars: The Romans 

              New Roman Army

              The Agony of the Aegean, 99—70 B.C.

              Pompey’s Greek Settlement, 70—62 B.C.

              The End of Hellenistic Egypt, 61—30 B.C.


              Key Terms

              Further Reading

25.    Conclusion

            The Bronze Age (c. 3000-1200 B.C.; Chapter 4)

            The Dark Age (c. 1200-700 B.C.; Chapter 5)

            The Archaic Period (c. 700-500 B.C.; Chapters 6-10)

            The Classical Period (c. 500-350 B.C.; Chapters 11-18)

            The Macedonian Takeover (c. 350-323 B.C.; Chapters 19-22)

            The Hellenistic Period (c. 323-30 B.C.; Chapters 23-24)