The Green Republic: A Conservation History of Costa Rica by Sterling EvansThe Green Republic: A Conservation History of Costa Rica by Sterling Evans

The Green Republic: A Conservation History of Costa Rica

bySterling Evans

Paperback | January 1, 1999

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With over 25 percent of its land set aside in national parks and other protected areas, Costa Rica is renowned worldwide as "the green republic." In this very readable history of conservation in Costa Rica, Sterling Evans explores the establishment of the country's national park system as a response to the rapid destruction of its tropical ecosystems due to the expansion of export-related agriculture.

Drawing on interviews with key players in the conservation movement, as well as archival research, Evans traces the emergence of a conservation ethic among Costa Ricans and the tangible forms it has taken. In Part I, he describes the development of the national park system and "the grand contradiction" that conservation occurred simultaneously with massive deforestation in unprotected areas. In Part II, he examines other aspects of Costa Rica's conservation experience, including the important roles played by environmental education and nongovernmental organizations, campesino and indigenous movements, ecotourism, and the work of the National Biodiversity Institute.

Sterling Evans teaches environmental history at Humboldt State University in northern California.
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Title:The Green Republic: A Conservation History of Costa RicaFormat:PaperbackDimensions:335 pages, 9.06 × 6.02 × 0.67 inPublished:January 1, 1999Publisher:University Of Texas PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292721013

ISBN - 13:9780292721012

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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Part I. Costa Rica's History of Conservation
    • 1. A Legacy of Scientific Thought and Tropical Research
    • 2. The Environmental Problem
    • 3. The Conservationist Response
    • 4. The Development of National Parks and Other Protected Areas
    • 5. Conservation Continued: The Oduber Years
    • 6. Conservation through Crisis: Carazo and the Economy
    • 7. Crisis Continued: The Monge Administration
    • 8. Restructuring and Decentralizing Conservation
  • Part II. Building a Green Republic
    • 9. Environmental Education: Framework for the Future
    • 10.The Nongovernmental Approach
    • 11. ¡Oro Verde! Ecotourism for Economic Growth
    • 12. The National Biodiversity Institute
  • Conclusion. "Picking Up the Gauntlet"
  • Appendix 1. List of Acronyms
  • Appendix 2. The Presidents of the Republic of Costa Rica, 1928-1998
  • Appendix 3. The History of Controversy at Santa Rosa--A Besieged National Park
  • Appendix 4. Anonymous Poem Regarding the Palo Verde National Park Controversy, Summer 1981
  • Appendix 5. The National Conservation Strategy for Sustainable Development
  • Appendix 6. Indigenous Population of Costa Rica by Region and Group
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Index

From Our Editors

What are the events leading to Costa Rica’s mass movement toward environmental preservation? Environmental historian, Sterling Evans discusses the culmination of the country’s conservation efforts in The Green Republic. Divided into two sections, the book initially takes a look at how Costa Rica simultaneously -- and somewhat ironically -- developed its national parks system while practicing mass deforestation. The author then also highlights how individuals and organizations took action to heighten awareness about ecological destruction in the face of agricultural development.

Editorial Reviews

"Using a wide range of sources, including interviews, archives, and newspapers, Evans paints a complex and nuanced picture of how conservation emerged in twentieth-century Costa Rica....This lucid and thoughtful work will be useful to historians and policymakers, and as a textbook for graduate and undergraduate courses on agriculture, development, and conservation in Latin America." - Hispanic American Historical Review - 200008