The History of Psychology: Fundamental Questions

Paperback | March 15, 2003

EditorMargaret P. Munger

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The History of Psychology: Fundamental Questions provides significant excerpts from the philosophers, theologians, and scientists who contributed to the development of psychology. It also includes more recent works covering issues and ideas in cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Extensivelyclassroom-tested, this anthology addresses a comprehensive range of topics, yet is suitable for use as a core text or as a supplement in a single-semester course on the history of psychology. The History of Psychology offers selections from: DT Aristotle DT St. Thomas Aquinas DT Rene Descartes DT John Locke DT Immanuel Kant DT Hermann Ebbinghaus DT Charles Darwin DT Margaret Floy Washburn DT Wilhelm Wundt DT Jean Piaget DT B.F. Skinner DT Noam Chomsky and many others. The readings encourage students to consider the foundations of psychology and the questions that led to its emergence as a distinct discipline. Going beyond the presentation and defense of a particular point of view, this collection gives students the opportunity to consider thefundamental questions of psychology. The book is organized into nine thematic sections that are presented chronologically. Each section includes works that cohere thematically to encourage discussion, highlight related topics, and stimulate the classic and more current debates within the field ofpsychology. Every reading is preceded by a brief biography of the author and a note about his or her range of interests and influence. Featuring original works from some of the most important figures in the history of psychology, The History of Psychology is ideal for undergraduate and graduate courses on history and systems in psychology and philosophy of psychology.

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The History of Psychology: Fundamental Questions provides significant excerpts from the philosophers, theologians, and scientists who contributed to the development of psychology. It also includes more recent works covering issues and ideas in cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Extensivelyclassroom-tested, this anthology addresses ...

Margaret P. Munger is at Davidson College.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:528 pages, 7.4 × 9.21 × 1.18 inPublished:March 15, 2003Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195151542

ISBN - 13:9780195151541

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Table of Contents

Section 1: What is the mind?Plato (428/427-348/347 BC)The Cave-from The RepublicHippocrates (460-377, BC)Tradition in MedicineDreamsNature of Man- from The Hippocratic CollectionAristotle (384-322 BC)Book 1, Chapter 1Book 3-from de AnimaSt. Augustine of Hippo (397)Memory-from ConfessionsSt. Thomas Aquinas (1265)Human nature-embodied spiritHuman abilities-bodily and spiritualHow man knows-from Summa theologiaeSection 2: Mechanisms of MindRene Descartes (1650)Treatise of Man-SelectionsJohn Locke (1689)Of Ideas in General, and their OriginalOf Perception-from An Essay Concerning Human UnderstandingGottfied Wilhelm Leibniz (1765)Of Ideas-from New Essays on Human UnderstandingDavid Hume (1748)Of the Origin of IdeasOf the Association of IdeaOf the Idea of Necessary Connection-from An Inquiry Concerning Human UnderstandingImmanuel Kant (1798)On the Cognitive Faculty-from Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of ViewSection 3: Scientific MethodsGustav Fechner (1860)IntroductionOuter Psychophysics-from Elements of PsychophysicsHermann von Helmholtz (1878)The Facts of Perception-Speech held at the Commemoration-Day Celebration of the Frederick William University in Berlin, August 3, 1878Hermann Ebbinghaus (1885)Our Knowledge Concerning MemoryThe Method of Investigation-from Memory: A Contribution to Experimental PsychologyIvan Pavlov (1927)Lectures on the Work of the Cerebral Hemispheres-from Conditioned Reflexes: An Investigation of the Physiological Activity of the Cerebral CortexSection 4: Emotion and Instinct in Animals and HumansCharles Darwin (1873)General Principles of Expression-from Expression of the Emotions in Man and AnimalsMargaret Floy Washburn (1907)The Difficulties and Methods of Comparative PsychologyThe Evidence of Mind-from The Animal MindWilliam James (1892)EmotionInstinct-from Psychology: A Briefer CourseFrancis Galton (1907)The History of TwinsSelection and RaceInfluence of Man Upon RaceConclusion-from Inquiries into Human Faculty and its DevelopmentSection 5: Human DevelopmentMilicent W. Shinn (1900)Baby Biographies in GeneralThe Dawn of Intelligence-from The Biography of a BabySigmund Freud (1910)The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis: Third, Fourth, and Fifth Lectures-from The American Journal of PsychologyAlfred Binet and Theodore Simon (1905)New methods for the diagnosis of the intellectual level of subnormals-from L'Annee PsychologiqueHugo Munsterberg (1913)Applied PsychologyMeans and EndsVocation and Fitness-from Psychology and Industrial EfficiencySection 6: What is the Goal of Psychology?Wilhelm Wundt (1894)Lectures 1 and 30-from Lectures on Human and Animal PsychologyMax Wertheimer (1923-24)Gestalt theory-Address before the Kant Society, 1924Laws of Organization in Perceptual Forms-from Psychologische Forschung, 1923E. B. Titchener (1927)Ideational type and the Association of Ideas-from Experimental Psychology: A Manual of Laboratory PracticeSection 7: LearningJohn B. Watson (1913)Psychology as a Behaviorist Views It-from Psychological ReviewEdward C. Tolman (1948)Cognitive Maps in Rats and Men-from Psychological ReviewD. O. Hebb (1949)The First Stage of Perception: Growth of the Assembly-from The Organization of Behavior: A Neuropsychological TheorySection 8: CognitionJean Piaget (1923)The Functions of Language in Two Children of Six-from The Language and Thought of the ChildL. S. Vygotski (1934)Thought and Word-from Mind in SocietyB. F. Skinner (1957)The Mand-from Verbal BehaviorNoam Chomsky (1959)Verbal Behavior, review-from LanguageSir Frederic C. Bartlett (1932)The Method of Repeated Production-from Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social PsychologyUlric Neisser (1967)The Cognitive ApproachA Cognitive Approach to Memory and Thought-from Cognitive PsychologySection 9: Considerations of ContextJames J. Gibson (1979)The Theory of Affordances-from The Ecological Approach to Visual PerceptionJames L. McClelland, David E. Rumelhart, and Geoffrey E. Hinton (1986)The Appeal of Parallel Distributed Processing-from Parallel Distributed Processing: Explorations in the Microstructure of CognitionV. S. Ramachandran and Sandra Blakeslee (1999)Do Martians See Red?-from Phantoms in the Brain: Probing the Mysteries of the Human Mind