The History of the Buddhas Relic Shrine: A Translation of the Sinhala Thupavamsa

Hardcover | December 28, 2006

byStephen C. Berkwitz

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Buddhist chronicles have long been had a central place in the study of Buddhism. Scholars, however, have relied almost exclusively on Pali works that were composed by elites for learned audiences, to the neglect of a large number of Buddhist histories written in local languages for popularconsumption. The Sinhala Thupavamsa, composed by Parakama Pandita in thirteenth-century Sri Lanka, is an important example of a Buddhist chronicle written in the vernacular Sinhala language. Furthermore, it is among those works that inform public discussion and debate over the place of Buddhism inthe Sri Lankan nation state and the role of Buddhist monks in contemporary politics.In this book Stephen Berkwitz offers the first complete English translation of the Sinhala Thupavamsa. Composed in a literary dialect of Sinhala, it contains a richly descriptive account of how Buddhism spread outside of India, replete with poetic embellishments and interpolations not found in otheraccounts of those events. Aside from being an important literary work, the Sinhala Thupavamsa. is a text of considerable historical and religious significance. It comprises several narrative strands that relate the life story of the Buddha and the manner in which Buddhist teachings and institutionswere established on the island of Sri Lanka in ancient times. The central focus of this work concerns the variety of relics associated with the historical Buddha, particularly how the relics were acquired and the presumed benefits of venerating them. The text also relates the mythological history ofthe Buddha's previous lives as a bodhisattva and concludes with a prediction about the future Buddha Maitreya. Reflection on Buddhist ethics and instruction on the Dharma, or the Buddha's teaching, are found throughout the work, indicating that this historical narrative was meant both to recall thepast and give rise to religious practice among contemporary readers and listeners. This new translation makes a significant work more widely accessible in the West and adds to our knowledge of how local Buddhist communities imagined and represented their religious and cultural heritages in written works.

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Buddhist chronicles have long been had a central place in the study of Buddhism. Scholars, however, have relied almost exclusively on Pali works that were composed by elites for learned audiences, to the neglect of a large number of Buddhist histories written in local languages for popularconsumption. The Sinhala Thupavamsa, composed b...

Stephen C. Berkwitz is an Associate Professor of Religious Studies at Missouri State University. He is the author of Buddhist History in the Vernacular: The Power of the Past in Late Medieval Sri Lanka.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:320 pages, 5.71 × 8.39 × 1.1 inPublished:December 28, 2006Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195301390

ISBN - 13:9780195301397

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Table of Contents

Notes on the TranslationIntroductionThe Text in Translation: The History of the Buddha's Relic ShrinePrologue1. The Careerof the Bodhisattva2. The Story of Prince Siddhartha3. The Defeat of Mara4. The Awakening of the Buddha5. The Enshrining of the Relics6. The Story of King Asoka7. Establishing the Dispensation in Lanka8. The Early Career of King Dutugamunu9. The Victory of King Dutugamunu10. The Commencement of the Relic Shrine11. The Description of the Relic Chamber12. The Relic Deposit13. The Death of King DutugamunuEpilogueNotesBibliographyIndex