The Hiv Pandemic: Local And Global Implications

Paperback | January 3, 2008

EditorEduard J Beck, Nicholas Mays, Alan W Whiteside

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A quarter of a century since the first recognition of HIV/AIDS in 1981, this book reflects on the international impact of the disease. It has persistently remained a global issue, with more than 50 million people worldwide estimated to have been infected since that date. This ambitious book,written by 165 authors from 30 countries, offers a multi-country comparative study that examines how the response to the common, global threat of HIV is shaped by the history, culture, institutions and health systems of the individual countries affected. Increasingly the shift of health systems has been from prevention only as the main containment strategy, to a strategy that includes scaling up HIV treatment, and care and prevention services, including antiretroviral therapy. Thus, all parts of the health system must be involved; policy makers,healthcare professionals and users of the services have been forced to think differently about how services are financed, how resources are allocated, how systems are structured and organized, how services are delivered to patients, and how the resulting activity is monitored and evaluated in orderto improve the effectiveness, efficiency, equity and acceptability of the response. This book is unique in attempting to describe and assess a range of responses across the globe by situating them within the characteristics of each country and its health system. Most chapters combine a health policy expert with an HIV specialist, allowing both a 'top down' health system approachand a 'bottom up' HIV-specific perspective. There are thematic and analytical sections, which provide an overview and some suggestions for solutions to the most serious outstanding issues, and chapters which analyse specific country and organisational responses. There is no perfect health system,but the evidence provided here allows the sharing of knowledge, and a opportunity to assess the impact and reactions, to an epidemic that must be considered a long term issue.

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A quarter of a century since the first recognition of HIV/AIDS in 1981, this book reflects on the international impact of the disease. It has persistently remained a global issue, with more than 50 million people worldwide estimated to have been infected since that date. This ambitious book,written by 165 authors from 30 countries, off...

Eduard Beck has recently taken up a post in the HIV Department of the World Health Organisation in Geneva. Nicholas Mays has served as Director of Health Services Research at the King's Fund, the UK's leading independent health policy and management foundation. He has also acted as principal adviser in the Social Policy Branch of th...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:840 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 1.74 inPublished:January 3, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199237409

ISBN - 13:9780199237401

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Table of Contents

The Pandemic1. EJ Beck, N Mays: The HIV Pandemic and Health Systems: An Introduction2. CA Hankins, KA Stanecki, P Ghys, H Marais: The Evolving HIV Pandemic3. T Quinlan, A Whiteside: Social and Economic Impact of the HIV Pandemic4. E Stillwaggon: Determinants of the HIV Pandemic in Developing CountriesPrevention, Treatment and Care: Advances in Knowledge5. SA Strathdee, M-L Newell, FI Bastos, TL Patterson: HIV Prevention Programmes: an Overview6. JMA Lange: Antiretroviral Treatment and Care of HIV7. J Esparza, M-L Chang, HD Gayle: HIV Vaccines: Development and Future Use8. N Gilmore: Ethical Issues and HAART9. D Patterson, L Forman: Legal and Human Rights Implications10. P DeLay, N Massoud, DL Rugg, KA Stanecki, M Carael: Strategic Information for HIV Programmes11. G Harling, L Soderstrom: The Contribution of Cost-effectiveness AnalysisCountry Responses12. L Lush, E Darkoh, SL Ramotlhwa: Botswana13. Y Kitaw, D Haile Mariam, A Demissie, D Wolday, T Messele, E Aberra, T Belay, A Kassa: Ethiopia14. A Ogundiran, B Fatunmbi, BT Costatinos: Nigeria15. C Simms, P Salif Sow, E Sy: Senegal16. D McCoy, R Wood, L Dudley, P Barron: South Africa17. JO Parkhurst, F Ssengooba, D Serwadda: Uganda18. G Morineau, M van Pelt, F Bourdier, RC Wolf: Cambodia19. Ma Shao-Jun, S Hillier, Kong-Lai Zhang, J Shen, Liu Min, Jin Chen-Gang: China20. R Priya, N Kumarasamy, I Qadeer, AK Ganesh, S Solomon, SM Crowe: India21. S Gunawan, S Kosen, C Simms: Indonesia22. OT Monzon, R Poblete: Philippines23. V Tangcharoensathien, W Phoolcharoen, S Thanprasertsuk, C Suraratdecha: Thailand24. ER Walrond, TC Roach: Barbados25. MI Lantero Abreu, J Waller, J Joanes Fiol, J Perez Avila, R Torres Pena, M Santin Pena, R Ochoa Soto, G Estevez Torres: Cuba26. A Augustin, DW Fitzgerald, JW Pape: Haiti27. R Carr, JP Figueroa, PR Carr: Jamaica28. G Hamilton, C Falistocco, P Cahn, C Zala: Argentina29. ML Petersen, C Travassos, FI Bastos, MA Hacker, EJ Beck, J Carvalho de Noronha: Brazil30. J Salas Martinez, I Salom: Costa Rica31. YA Flori, C Moty-Monnereau, E Patouillard, F Dabis, R Salamon: France32. F Taroni, G France, A Tramarin, E Conti, A Donatini, FA Compostella: Italy33. J Stachowiak, A Peryshkina, S Lessof: Russian Federation34. J Castilla, I Noguer, JR Repullo: Spain35. V Lekhan, V Rudiy, E Nolte, J Jacobi, L Andrushchak, A Shcherbinska, Y Kruglov: Ukraine36. J Imrie, S Dougan, K Gray, MW Adler, AM Johnson, BG Evans, BS Peters: United Kingdom37. MLA Rusch, V Alfonso, CA Hankins, JSG Montaner, M O'Shaughnessy, RS Hogg: Canada38. JA Izazola-Licea, C Avila-Figueroa, S Gomez-Fraga: Mexico39. B Fetter, DH Morgan, J Levi: United States of AmericaGlobal and National Responses40. E van Praag, KL Dehne, V Chandra-Mouli: The UN response to the HIV Pandemic41. C Simms: Donor, Lender and Research Agencies' Response to the HIV Crisis42. MA Lewis, SA Stout: Financing HIV: the Roles of International Financial Institutions43. M Haacker: Fiscal and Macroeconomic Aspects of the HIV Pandemic44. J Fleet, B N'Daw: Trade, Intellectual Property and Access to Affordable HIV Medications45. J Bos, O Schellekens, A de Groot: Country Level Public-Private Partnerships for Successful HIV Treatment Programmes46. N Dreesch, MR Dal Poz, G Gedik, O Adams, TG Evans: Developing Human Resources for the HIV Pandemic47. JM Zuniga: The Contribution of Civil Society48. RA Roberts, A Hickey, Z Rosner: The Role of Community Involvement in HIV Programmes in South AfricaStrengthening the Response49. CA Hankins, C Fontaine, M Sidibe: Responding Effectively to the HIV Pandemic50. EJ Beck, N Mays: Some Lessons Learned

Editorial Reviews

`This book is timely for framing the first 26 years of the epidemic from a perspective that encompasses policy and the delivery of medical care... The in-depth, well-organised country reports provide a baseline that will serve particularly well for those interested in international policyissues in public health... this book is important, and perhaps the best of its kind.'The Lancet