The Importance of Psychological Traits: A Cross-Cultural Study by John E. WilliamsThe Importance of Psychological Traits: A Cross-Cultural Study by John E. Williams

The Importance of Psychological Traits: A Cross-Cultural Study

byJohn E. Williams, Robert C. Satterwhite, José L. Saiz

Paperback | December 6, 2010

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All traits were not created equal. -WORCHEL AND COOPER (1983, p. 180) This book reports the findings from extensive cross-cultural studies of the relative importance ofdifferent psychological traits in 20 countries and the relative favorability of these traits in a subset of 10 countries. While the work is devoted primarily to professionals and advanced students in the social sciences, the relatively nontechnical style - ployed should make the book comprehensible to anyone with a general grasp of the concepts and strategies ofempirical behavioral science. The project grew out of discussions between the first author and third author while the latter was a graduate student at Wake Forest University, U.S.A., in 1990. The third author, a native of Chile, was studying person-descriptive adjectives composing the stereotypes - sociatedwiththe Chilean aboriginal minority knownas Mapuche (Saiz &Williams, 1992). Asweexaminedthe adjectives usedinthisstudy,it was clear that they differed in favorability and also on another dim- sionwhichwe latertermed "psychologicalimportance," i.e., the degree to which adjectives reflected more "central," as opposed to more "- ripheral,"personality characteristics. More important descriptors were those which seemed more informative or diagnostic ofwhat a person "wasreally like"and, hence, might be ofgreater significance in und- standing and predicting an individual's behavior.
Title:The Importance of Psychological Traits: A Cross-Cultural StudyFormat:PaperbackDimensions:193 pages, 23.5 × 15.5 × 0.01 inPublished:December 6, 2010Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1441932984

ISBN - 13:9781441932983


Table of Contents

Concepts and Issues in Cross-Cultural Psychology. Psychological Importance, the Five-Factor Model, and Transactional Analysis Theory. The Relative Favorability of Psychological Traits: A 10-Country Study. Psychological Importance: Method and Gender Analyses. Psychological Importance: Item Level Analyses. Psychological Importance: Theory Level Analyses. Psychological Importance: Relations to Cultural Comparison Variables. Summary and Integration of Findings. Retrospect and Prospect: A Broader View. Appendixes. Author Index. Subject Index.

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"This is an important book for transcultural psychiatry. . The authors of this book summarize research over a number of years designed to determine the cross-cultural consistency of trait dimensions. . One of the unique aspects of this study concerned measures of the relative favorability and the psychological importance of traits." (Joel Paris, Transcultural Psychiatry, Vol. 41 (3), 2004)