The India-Pakistan Military Standoff: Crisis and Escalation in South Asia

Hardcover | March 15, 2011

EditorZachary S. DavisbyZachary S Davis

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Focusing on the 2001-2002 crisis which brought the nuclear rivals to the brink of war, this book explores the dynamics of strategic stability between India and Pakistan. Like the 1999 Kashmir crisis and the 2008 Mumbai crisis, the 2001 attack on the Indian Parliament set in motion events that nearly spun out of control. India’s military mobilization raised the specter of full-scale war and the possibility that Pakistan, faced with the defeat of its Army, would resort to nuclear weapons. The contributors focus on five main areas: the political history that led to the crisis; the conventional military environment during the crisis; the nuclear environment during the crisis; coercive diplomacy and de-escalation during the crisis; and arms control and confidence-building measures that can help South Asia to avoid similar crises in the future.  

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Focusing on the 2001-2002 crisis which brought the nuclear rivals to the brink of war, this book explores the dynamics of strategic stability between India and Pakistan. Like the 1999 Kashmir crisis and the 2008 Mumbai crisis, the 2001 attack on the Indian Parliament set in motion events that nearly spun out of control. India’s militar...

Zachary S. Davis is a Senior Fellow at the Center for Global Security Research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and adjunct professor at the Naval Postgraduate School. He has worked on national security issues in the executive and legislative branches of government and published widely on a variety of topics.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:256 pages, 8.92 × 5.71 × 0.78 inPublished:March 15, 2011Publisher:Palgrave MacmillanLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0230109381

ISBN - 13:9780230109384

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Table of Contents

The Historical and Political Background of the Crisis * The Roots of Crisis: Post-Kargil Conflict in Kashmir and the 2001-2002 Near War--Praveen Swami * The Political-Military Background of the 2001-2002 Military Standoff: A Pakistani Perspective--Zafar Jaspal * The Conventional Military Environment * The Military Dimension of the 2001-2002 India-Pakistan Standoff: Planning and Preparation for Land Operations--Gurmeet Kanwal * Managing the Nuclear Environment * What Was Done to Achieve Strategic Stability During the Cold War? Implications for South Asian Crises--Michael Wheeler * Pakistan’s Nuclear Force Posture and the 2001-2002 Crisis--Feroz Khan * Outside Actors and Crisis Resolution: The United States’ Role * Crisis Management in South Asia’s Twin Peaks Crisis--Polly Nayak and Michael Krepon * The 2002 Crisis: A Real-Time View From Islamabad--David Smith * Avoiding Future Crises * Arms Control, Confidence Building and Nuclear Risk Reduction in South Asia: A Pakistani Perspective--Naeem Salik * Conclusion: Lessons Learned and Unlearned--Zachary Davis

Editorial Reviews

“This book offers the most detailed and expert analysis in the open literature of the 2001-2002 crisis between India and Pakistan.  Not only does it provide new insights into the military and diplomatic moves in South Asia, it also contains important lessons for regional security, alliance relations, coercive diplomacy, crisis management and nuclear deterrence.  Given the checkered history between these two South Asian rivals, the cautionary lesson from this volume is powerfully relevant today: that the factors that led to a successful de-escalation in 2001-2002 may no longer be present or effective when the next crisis comes.”  --Mitchell B. Reiss, President, Washington College and former Director of Policy Planning, U.S. Department of State, 2003-2005"The 2001-2002 confrontation between India and Pakistan was a nuclear near-miss.  Dr. Zachary Davis’ superbly edited volume places the crisis in historical context and helps us understand how – to borrow a phrase from Thomas Schelling – these two dynamite trucks managed to swerve and avoid a collision.  Especially in the contributions from David Smith, Praveen Swami, Gurmeet Kanwal and Feroz Khan, we see how these rivals perceived the crisis and worked to avoid the worst outcome.  In an especially valuable chapter by Michael Krepon and Polly Nayak, we also see the important role played by US policy managers.  A decade after the crisis, the danger that terrorists will foment another Indo-Pak confrontation persists.  This outstanding collection helps us understand how the 2001-02 crisis started and, more importantly, how conflict was averted.  As such, it contains critical insights for the optimists about what can be done now to avoid a rerun, while for the pessimists it provides guidance on how to manage the next one."     --Neil Joeck, Senior Fellow, Center for Global Security Research, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory