The Individual in the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean

Hardcover | September 29, 2013

EditorJorg Rupke

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Ancient religions are usually treated as collective and political phenomena and, apart from a few towering figures, the individual religious agent has fallen out of view. Addressing this gap, the essays in this volume focus on the individual and individuality in ancient Mediterranean religion.Even in antiquity, individual religious action was not determined by traditional norms handed down through families and the larger social context, but rather options were open and choices were made. On the part of the individual, this development is reflected in changes in 'individuation', theparallel process of a gradual full integration into society and the development of self-reflection and of a notion of individual identity. These processes are analysed within the Hellenistic and Imperial periods, down to Christian-dominated late antiquity, in both pagan polytheistic as well asJewish monotheistic settings. The volume focuses on individuation in everyday religious practices in Phoenicia, various Greek cities, and Rome, and as identified in institutional developments and philosophical reflections on the self as exemplified by the Stoic Seneca.

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Ancient religions are usually treated as collective and political phenomena and, apart from a few towering figures, the individual religious agent has fallen out of view. Addressing this gap, the essays in this volume focus on the individual and individuality in ancient Mediterranean religion.Even in antiquity, individual religious act...

Jorg Rupke is Fellow in Religious Studies at the Max Weber Centre, University of Erfurt, and Director of the DFG-Research Group 'Religious Individualization in Historical Perspective'. He also an honorary Professor at Aarhus University.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:520 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.1 inPublished:September 29, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199674507

ISBN - 13:9780199674503

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments1. Jorg Rupke: Introduction: Individualization as a concept for historical researchHistorical change2. Corinne Bonnet: Individualization as an historical trend in the religion of Phoenician cities in Hellenistic timesa3. John North: Disguising religious change in first-century Rome4. Clifford Ando: Cities, gods, and empireIndividual and society5. Fritz Graf: Individual and Common Cult: Epigraphical Reflections6. Greg Woolf: Ritual and the individual in Roman religionExperiences and choices7. Richard Gordon: Religious anthropology of high magical practice in the Empire8. Johan Leemans: The cult of the saints in Late Antiquity as a privileged locus for religious individualizationConceptualizing religious experience9. Katharina Waldner: Dimensions of Individuality in Ancient Mystery Cults: Religious Practice and Philosophical Discourse10. Nicole Belayche: Superior beings of a new shape for mediation between faithful and their gods in imperial Anatolia?Agency11. Ian Henderson: Marc's Gospel and the Pre-History of Individuation12. Tessa Rajak: Text, Prophesy, and the Individual in Hellenistic Judaism: Texts from Philo and Josephus13. Jorg Rupke: Fighting for Difference: Forms and Limits of Religious Individualization in the "Shepherd of Hermas"14. Karen King: Literature as preparation for martyrdomMaster and Disciple15. Giulia Sfameni Gasparro: Religio mentis: Hermetic process of individualization16. Giovanni Filoramo: The Discourse of Revelation as source for the Gnostic process of individualizationBeyond the empirical individual17. Aldo Setaioli: Cicero and Seneca on the fate of the soul: Private feelings and philosophical doctrines18. Charlotte Fonrobert: The ritualization of the body in Roman Judaism: Individualization with a differenceIndex