The Intellectual and Social Organization of the Sciences

Paperback | May 15, 2000

byRichard Whitley

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In a rapidly changing and inter-disciplinary world it is important to understand the nature and generation of knowledge, and its social organization. Increasing attention is paid in the social sciences and management studies to the constitution and claims of different theories, perspectives,and 'paradigms'. This book is one of the most respected and robust analyses of these issues. For this new paperback edition Richard Whitley - a leading figure in European business education - has written a new introduction which addresses the particular epistemological issues presented by management and business studies. He approaches the sciences as differently organized systems for theproduction and validation of knowledge - systems which become established in particular contexts and which generate different sorts of knowledge. He identifies seven major types of scientific field and discusses the establishment and growth of these sciences, including the major consequences of thenineteenth-century expansion of employment opportunities for researchers; the competitive pursuit of public reputations; and the domination of intellectual work by employees. He also examines the divergences in the way research is organized and controlled both in different fields, and in the samefield within different historical circumstances. This book will be of interest to all graduate students concerned with the social study of knowledge, science, technology, and the history and philosophy of science.

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In a rapidly changing and inter-disciplinary world it is important to understand the nature and generation of knowledge, and its social organization. Increasing attention is paid in the social sciences and management studies to the constitution and claims of different theories, perspectives,and 'paradigms'. This book is one of the most...

Richard Whitley is Professor of Organizational Sociology at the Manchester Business School, University of Manchester. He has also held visiting academic appointments at the University of Hitotsubashi (1999-2000), the International University of Japan (1993), University of Hong Kong (1988), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique,...

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Format:PaperbackPublished:May 15, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199240450

ISBN - 13:9780199240456

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: The Modern Sciences as Reputational Work OrganizationsChapter 2: Reputational Control over Scientific Work and the Growth of Employment Opportunities for ScientistsChapter 3: The Degree of Mutual Dependence Between Scientists and the Organization of Scientific FieldsChapter 4: The Degree of Task Uncertainty and the Organization of Scientific FieldsChapter 5: The Organizational Structure of Scientific FieldsChapter 6: The Contexts of Scientific FieldsChapter 7: Relationships between Scientific Fields and Changes in the Organization of the Sciences