The Interactional Instinct: The Evolution and Acquisition of Language

Paperback | May 22, 2009

byNamhee Lee, Lisa Mikesell, Anna Dina L. Joaquin

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The Interactional Instinct explores the evolution of language from the theoretical view that language could have emerged without a biologically instantiated Universal Grammar. In the first part of the book, the authors speculate that a hominid group with a lexicon of about 600 words couldcombine these items to make larger meanings. Combinations that are successfully produced, comprehended, and learned become part of the language. Any combination that is incompatible with human mental capacities is abandoned. The authors argue for the emergence of language structure throughinteraction constrained by human psychology and physiology.In the second part of the book, the authors argue that language acquisition is based on an "interactional instinct" that emotionally entrains the infant on caregivers. This relationship provides children with a motivational and attentional mechanism that ensures their acquisition of language. Inadult second language acquisition, the interactional instinct is no longer operating, but in some individuals with sufficient aptitude and motivation, successful second-language acquisition can be achieved.The Interactional Instinct presents a theory of language based on linguistic, evolutionary, and biological evidence indicating that language is a culturally inherited artifact that requires no a priori hard wiring of linguistic knowledge.

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The Interactional Instinct explores the evolution of language from the theoretical view that language could have emerged without a biologically instantiated Universal Grammar. In the first part of the book, the authors speculate that a hominid group with a lexicon of about 600 words couldcombine these items to make larger meanings. Com...

Namhee Lee is a Visiting Lecturer and Assistant Professor at the Defense Language Institute. Anna Dina L. Joaquin, Lisa Mikesell, and Andrea W. Mates are all doctoral students of Applied Linguistics at UCLA. John H. Schumann is Professor of Applied Linguistics at UCLA.

other books by Namhee Lee

Format:PaperbackDimensions:256 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.68 inPublished:May 22, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195384237

ISBN - 13:9780195384239

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Table of Contents

1. Grammar as a Complex Adaptive System2. Evidence for Language Emergence3. The Implications of Interaction for the Nature of Language4. Interactional Readiness: Infant-Caregiver Interaction and the Ubiquity of Language Acquisition5. A neurobiology for the Interactional Instinct6. The Interactional Instinct in First and Second Language Acquisition7. Broader Implications of the Interactional Instinct