The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-50

Hardcover | May 21, 2011

byUgur Umit Ungor

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The eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire used to be a multi-ethnic region where Armenians, Kurds, Syriacs, Turks, and Arabs lived together in the same villages and cities. The disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and rise of the nation state violently altered this situation. Nationalistelites intervened in heterogeneous populations they identified as objects of knowledge, management, and change. These often violent processes of state formation destroyed historical regions and emptied multicultural cities, clearing the way for modern nation states.The Making of Modern Turkey highlights how the Young Turk regime, from 1913 to 1950, subjected Eastern Turkey to various forms of nationalist population policies aimed at ethnically homogenizing the region and incorporating it in the Turkish nation state. It examines how the regime utilizedtechnologies of social engineering, such as physical destruction, deportation, spatial planning, forced assimilation, and memory politics, to increase ethnic and cultural homogeneity within the nation state. Drawing on secret files and unexamined records, Ugur Umit Ungor demonstrates that concernsof state security, ethnocultural identity, and national purity were behind these policies. The eastern provinces, the heartland of Armenian and Kurdish life, became an epicenter of Young Turk population policies and the theatre of unprecedented levels of mass violence.

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The eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire used to be a multi-ethnic region where Armenians, Kurds, Syriacs, Turks, and Arabs lived together in the same villages and cities. The disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and rise of the nation state violently altered this situation. Nationalistelites intervened in heterogeneous populations ...

Ugur Umit Ungor studied Sociology and History and defended his Ph.D. in 2009 (summa cum laude). He worked at the Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies. His main area of interest is the historical sociology of mass violence and nationalism.

other books by Ugur Umit Ungor

Format:HardcoverDimensions:352 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.98 inPublished:May 21, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019960360X

ISBN - 13:9780199603602

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Nationalism and population politics in the late Ottoman Empire2. Genocide of Christians, 1915-163. Deportations of Kurds, 1916-19344. Culture and education in the eastern provinces5. The calm after the storm: the politics of memoryConclusionNotesBibliographyIndex