The Making of Salafism: Islamic Reform in the Twentieth Century

Hardcover | November 17, 2015

byHenri Lauzière

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Some Islamic scholars hold that Salafism is an innovative and rationalist effort at Islamic reform that emerged in the late nineteenth century but gradually disappeared in the mid twentieth. Others argue Salafism is an anti-innovative and antirationalist movement of Islamic purism that dates back to the medieval period yet persists today. Though they contradict each other, both narratives are considered authoritative, making it hard for outsiders to grasp the history of the ideology and its core beliefs.

Introducing a third, empirically based genealogy, The Making of Salafism understands the concept as a recent phenomenon projected back onto the past, and it sees its purist evolution as a direct result of decolonization. Henri Lauzière builds his history on the transnational networks of Taqi al-Din al-Hilali (1894-1987), a Moroccan Salafi who, with his associates, participated in the development of Salafism as both a term and a movement. Traveling from Rabat to Mecca, from Calcutta to Berlin, al-Hilali interacted with high-profile Salafi scholars and activists who eventually abandoned Islamic modernism in favor of a more purist approach to Islam. Today, Salafis tend to claim a monopoly on religious truth and freely confront other Muslims on theological and legal issues. Lauzière's pathbreaking history recognizes the social forces behind this purist turn, uncovering the popular origins of what has become a global phenomenon.

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Some Islamic scholars hold that Salafism is an innovative and rationalist effort at Islamic reform that emerged in the late nineteenth century but gradually disappeared in the mid twentieth. Others argue Salafism is an anti-innovative and antirationalist movement of Islamic purism that dates back to the medieval period yet persists to...

Henri Lauzière is assistant professor of history at Northwestern University.
Format:HardcoverDimensions:328 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.98 inPublished:November 17, 2015Publisher:Columbia University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0231175507

ISBN - 13:9780231175500

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsIntroduction1. Being Salafi in the Early Twentieth Century2. Rashid Rida's Rehabilitation of the Wahhabis and Its Consequences3. Purist Salafism in the Age of Islamic Nationalism4. The Ironies of Modernity and the Advent of Modernist Salafism5. Searching for a Raison d'Être in the Postindependence Era6. The Triumph and Ideologization of Purist SalafismConclusionNotesBibliographyIndex

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Timely and important contribution.... excellently crafted. [The Making of Salafism] serves as an invaluable tool for a continuous interrogation of the concept of Salafism.