The Mathematical Philosophy of Bertrand Russell: Origins and Development by Francisco Rodríguez-consuegraThe Mathematical Philosophy of Bertrand Russell: Origins and Development by Francisco Rodríguez-consuegra

The Mathematical Philosophy of Bertrand Russell: Origins and Development

EditorFrancisco Rodríguez-consuegra

Paperback | May 10, 2012

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by Ivor Grattan-Guinness Until twenty years ago the outline history of logicism was well known. Frege had had the important ideas, until he was eclipsed by Wittgenstein. Russell was important in publicising the former and tutoring the latter, and also for working with Moore in the conversion of British philosophy from neo-Hegelianism to the new analytic tradition in the 1900s, but his own work on logic and especially logicism was very muddled. Around that time Russell, who was still alive, sold his manuscripts to McMaster University in Canada, and interest in his achievements in logic began to develop, especially after his death in 1970. Scholars found thousands of folios of unpublished holograph awaiting their attention, and also hundreds of pertinent letters (both in the Russell Archives and elsewhere in certain recipients' collections). Various facets of his work came to light for the first time, and others -which could have been gleaned from carefully reading of the published sources- gained new publicity from the evidence revealed in manuscripts. Even the technical passage work, which constitutes the unread majority of the Principia mathematica (1910-13) of Russell and Whitehead, began to receive a little respectful scrutiny. It turned out that Russell had done several pioneering things. While indeed often incoherent in reference and content, they comprised major forays into the new mathematical logic, of which he turned out to be a major founder: some are even of interest to modem studies.
Title:The Mathematical Philosophy of Bertrand Russell: Origins and DevelopmentFormat:PaperbackPublished:May 10, 2012Publisher:Birkhäuser BaselLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3034875355

ISBN - 13:9783034875356

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Table of Contents

1. Methodological and logicist background.- 1.1. Boole and Peirce.- 1.2. Dedekind and Cantor.- 1.3. Couturat and Whitehead.- 1.4. Bradley and Moore.- 1.5. Foundations of geometry.- 2. The unpublished mathematical philosophy: 1898-1900.- 2.1. The genesis of the 1898-1900 manuscripts.- 2.2. Logic, mathematics and ontology.- 2.3. The evolution of the main concepts.- 2.4. Concepts, axioms, presupposition and implication.- 2.5. The contradiction and the infinite.- 2.6. Relations and the 'principle of abstraction'.- 2.7. The method of definition.- 2.8. The gradual approach to Cantor.- 2.8.1. The first contacts and opinions.- 2.8.2. The reasons for the rejection.- 3. The contribution of Peano and his school.- 3.1. Logic.- 3.1.1. Objective and stages.- 3.1.2. Primitives, logical order and interdefinability.- 3.1.3. Implication, inclusion and membership.- 3.1.4. Classes, propositions and individuals.- 3.1.5. Mathematical propositions and quantification.- 3.1.6. Relations, functions, classes, properties and propositions.- 3.2. Arithmetic.- 3.2.1. The axioms and their interpretation: Dedekind.- 3.2.2. The definability of number.- 3.2.3. Real numbers: construction and definition.- 3.2.4. The 'logicist' arithmetic: Cantor.- 3.3. Geometry.- 3.3.1. The geometric calculus and the principles of geometry.- 3.3.2. The Uogicist' geometry.- 3.4. The method.- 3.4.1. Axiomatics.- 3.4.2. Definitions.- 3.4.3. The definition by abstraction.- 3.4.4. Simplicity, analysis and intuition.- 3.5. Peano's followers and their contributions.- 3.5.1. The various improvements.- 3.5.2. The transformation of definitions by abstraction into nominal ones.- 4. The principles of mathematics.- 4.1. The reaction to the Congress of 1900.- 4.1.1. The notes to the manuscripts: from Moore to Peano.- 4.1.2. The first writings.- 4.1.3. The acceptance of Cantor.- 4.2. Logic.- 4.2.1. The indefinables and the propositional function.- 4.2.2. Relations.- 4.3. Arithmetic.- 4.3.1. The definition of cardinal number.- 4.3.2. Finite and infinite.- 4.3.3. Quantity.- 4.3.4. Order.- 4.3.5. Ordinal numbers.- 4.3.6. Real numbers.- 4.4. Geometry.- 4.5. What Russell learned from Peano.- 5. Philosophical and methodological problems.- 5.1. Origin and evolution of Russell's logicism.- 5.2. The principle of abstraction.- 5.2.1. Origin and evolution.- 5.2.2. Assumptions and implications.- 5.3. The constructive definition.- 5.3.1. Nominal definitions.- 5.3.2. Mathematical and philosophical definitions.- 5.3.3. Analysis and ordinary language.- 5.4. Relational logic and ontology.- B.1. Works by Russell.- B. 1.1. Unpublished manuscripts 224.- B. 1.2. Published or unpublished correspondence 225.- B. 1.3. Published works 225.- B.2. Works by other authors.