The Mexican Revolution: A Brief History With Documents

Paperback | March 2, 2012

byMark Wasserman

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During the Mexican Revolution a remarkable alliance of peasants, working and middle classes, and elites banded together to end General Porfirio Diaz’s thirty-five year rule as dictator-president and created a radical new constitution that demanded education for all children, redistributed land and water resources, and established progressive labor laws. In this collection, Mark Wasserman examines the causes, conduct, and consequences of the revolution and carefully untangles the shifting alliances of the participants. In his introduction Wasserman outlines the context for the revolution, rebels’ differing goals for land redistribution, and the resulting battles between rebel leaders and their generals. He also examines daily life and the conduct of the revolution, as well as its national and international legacy. The accompanying selected sources include political documents along with dozens of accounts from politicians and generals to male and female soldiers, civilians, and journalists. Collectively they offer insight into the reasons for fighting, the politics behind the war, and the revolution’s international legacy. Document headnotes, a chronology, selected bibliography, and questions for consideration provide pedagogical support.

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During the Mexican Revolution a remarkable alliance of peasants, working and middle classes, and elites banded together to end General Porfirio Diaz’s thirty-five year rule as dictator-president and created a radical new constitution that demanded education for all children, redistributed land and water resources, and established progr...

Mark Wasserman (Ph.D., University of Chicago) is a Professor of History at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. He teaches courses on the history of Latin America and its revolutions. Dr. Wasserman is the author of Everyday Life and Politics in Nineteenth Century Mexico: Men, Women, and War, Persistent Oligarchs: Elites and Po...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:192 pages, 8.29 × 5.5 × 0.12 inPublished:March 2, 2012Publisher:Bedford/St. Martin'sLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:031253504X

ISBN - 13:9780312535049

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Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
List of maps and illustrations
PART ONE. INTRODUCTION: THE CAUSES, COURSE, AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION
     The Background of the Revolution
     The Origins of the Revolution
     Victory, Counterrevolution, and Civil War
     The Hard Life of the Revolution
     The Results of the Revolution
     International Ramifications
     Conclusion
 
PART TWO. THE DOCUMENTS
1. The Causes of the Revolution
     1. The Partido Liberal Mexicano, The Program of the Liberal Party, 1906
     2. James Creelman, Interview with Porfirio Díaz, 1908
     3. Francisco I. Madero, The Plan of San Luis Potosí, 1910
     4. Emiliano Zapata, The Plan of Ayala, 1911
     5. Francsico “Pancho” Villa, Dreams for a Future Mexico, ca. 1913
     6. John Kenneth Turner, Barbarous Mexico, 1910
     7. B. Traven, Corruption, 1921
     8. José Guadalupe Posada, The Bloody Events in the City of Puebla, 1910
2. At War
     9. John Reed, Villa’s Rules of War, 1914
     10. John Reed, The Horrors of Battle, 1914
     11. Francisco “Pancho” Villa, The Battle of Tierra Blanca, November 21, 1913
     12. J. B. Treviño, A Losing General’s Perspective. ca. 1916
     13. Emiliano Zapata, The Possibility of Alliance with Villa
     14. Alvaro Obregón, The Battle at Celaya, April 13-15, 1915
3. Soldiers' Lives
     15. John Reed, The Soldaderas, 1914
     16. Anthony Quinn, A Soldier’s Wife, 1972
     17. Veterans of the Mexican Revolution, Experiences of the War, 1910–1920
     18. Marcelo Caraveo, Fighting without Pay, 1911
     19. Anita Brenner and George Leighton, Photographs of Soldiers and Soldaderas, ca. 1910-1920
     20. Adelita, ca. 1910-1920
4. Civilians' Lives
     21. Gregorio López y Fuentes, El India, 1937
     22. Guillermo Bonfil Batalla, My Village During the Revolution, 1984
     23. Edith Henry, The Death of Frank Henry, 1916
     24. Frank Galvan, Escaping the Revolution, 1973
5. Revolutionary Politics
     25. Martín Luis Guzmán, The Eagle and the Serpent, 1928
     26. Venustiano Carranza, The Agrarian Law, January 6, 1915
     27. Casa de Obrero Mundial, The Pact with Carranza and the Establishment of the Red Batallions, 1915
     28. Eduardo Iturbide, A Counterrevolutionary Governs the Federal District, 1914
     29. Luis García Pimentel, The Oligarchy’s Perspective, 1912
     30. Francisca García Ortiz, Speech to the Feminist Congress in Yucatán, 1916
6. The Revolution’s Achievements
     31. Constitutional Convention, The Constitution of 1917: Article 27, 1917
     32. Constitutional Convention, The Constitution of 1917: The Labor Provisions of Article 123, 1917
     33. Rosalie Evans, Letters from Mexico, 1920-1923
7. International Ramifications
     34. Henry Lane Wilson, Ten Tragic Days, 1913
     35. Edith O’Shaughnessy, A Diplomat’s Wife, 1914
     36. Walter Hines Page, The Zimmerman Telegram, 1917
     37. Charles F. Simon, Testimony in Support of His Claim against the Republic of Mexico, 1919
     38. Marion Letcher, American British, and Mexican Investment in Mexico, 1911
     39. The United States-Mexican Commission, The Bucareli Agreements, 1923
 
Appendixes
     A Chronology of the Mexican Revolution (1810–1940)
     Questions for Consideration
     Selected Bibliography

Index