The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature, Science, and Medicine 1840-1900

Paperback | November 10, 2013

bySally Shuttleworth

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What is the difference between a lie and a fantasy, when the subject is a child? Moving between literary and scientific texts, Sally Shuttleworth explores a range of fascinating issues that emerge when the inner world of the child becomes, for the first time, the explicit focus of literary andmedical attention. Starting in the 1840s, which saw the publication of explorations of child development by Bronte and Dickens, as well as some of the first psychiatric studies of childhood, this groundbreaking book progresses through post-Darwinian considerations of the child's relations to theanimal kingdom, to chart the rise of the Child Study Movement of the 1890s. Based on in-depth interdisciplinary research, The Mind of the Child offers detailed readings of novels by Dickens, Meredith, James, Hardy and others, as well as the first overview of the early histories of child psychology and psychiatry. Initial chapters cover issues such as fears and nightterrors, imaginary lands, and the precocious child, while later ones look at ideas of child sexuality and adolescence and the relationship between child and monkey. Experiments on babies, the first baby shows, and domestic monkey keeping also feature. Many of our current concerns with reference to childhood are shown to have their parallels in the Victorian age: from the pressures of school examinations, or the problems of adolescence, through to the disturbing issue of child suicide. Childhood, from this period, took on new importance as holdingthe key to the adult mind.

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What is the difference between a lie and a fantasy, when the subject is a child? Moving between literary and scientific texts, Sally Shuttleworth explores a range of fascinating issues that emerge when the inner world of the child becomes, for the first time, the explicit focus of literary andmedical attention. Starting in the 1840s, w...

Professor Sally Shuttleworth is Head of the Humanities Division at the University of Oxford. She has published widely on literature and science, including George Eliot and Nineteenth-century Science; Charlotte Bronte and Victorian Psychology and Embodied Selves: An Anthology of Psychological Texts, 1830-1890 (co-edited with Jenny Bour...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:512 pagesPublished:November 10, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199682178

ISBN - 13:9780199682171

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Table of Contents

List of IllustrationsIntroductionPart I: Early Child Psychiatry and the Literary Imagination1. The Emergence of Child Psychiatry2. Fears, Phantasms, and Night Terrors3. Lies and Imagination4. Imaginary Lands5. PassionPart II: Systematic Education6. The Forcing Apparatus: Dombey and Son7. Progress, Pressure, and Precocity8. Science, System, and the Sexual Body: The Ordeal of Richard FeverelPart III: Post-Darwinian Childhood: Sexuality and Animality9. Childhood in Post-Darwinian Psychiatry10. Childhood, Sexuality, and the Novel11. The Science of Child Development12. Experiments on Babies13. Monkeys and ChildrenPart IV: Childhood at the Fin-de-Siecle14. Child Study in the 1890s15. Autobiography and the Science of Child Study16. Unnatural History: Father and Son17. Childhood as Performance: What Maisie Knew18. Jude the Obscure and Child SuicideConclusion

Editorial Reviews

"Shuttleworth is masterful... Shuttleworth takes on an impressively wide range of topics in child-study and draws fascinating and often unexpected connections between them... In the end, The Mind of the Child prompts us to rethink our own assumptions about the history of childhood by revealingthat the complexity of nineteenth-century discussions of child development is as layered and rich as is an actual human mind." --Andrea Kaston Tange, Nineteenth-Century Gender Studies