The Morality of Defensive War

Hardcover | February 27, 2014

EditorCecile Fabre, Seth Lazar

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In recent years, conventional just war thinking has been subjected to powerful scrutiny. Revisionist critics, animated by a commitment to individual human rights, and scepticism about the moral importance of states, have undermined the arguments grounding doctrines as widely accepted asstates' rights of national defence, the principle of noncombatant immunity, and combatants' equal right to fight. They have argued, in particular, that our ordinary understanding of national defence cannot be justified on individualist grounds - and that there is no alternative to an individualistjustification. But while their challenges to the conventional view have been powerful, their alternatives have been less compelling. Some positive account of the morality of defensive war is required, along one of three lines: Either we must concede that wars of national defence are unjustified, and adopt a restricted form of pacifism (with a possible exception for averting mass atrocity crimes); alternatively, either theindividualists must explain how their theory is consistent with our strongly-held judgments about national defence, or advocates of the conventional view must provide compelling alternative theoretical justifications for their position. In their original contributions to The Morality of DefensiveWar, the leading advocates of the revisionist and conventional approaches to the morality of war develop each possibility in detail. Part I sets out, in new and more forceful terms, the challenge that our ordinary views about national defence represent. In Part II individualists response to thatchallenge. Part III develops new approaches to vindicating the conventional view.

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In recent years, conventional just war thinking has been subjected to powerful scrutiny. Revisionist critics, animated by a commitment to individual human rights, and scepticism about the moral importance of states, have undermined the arguments grounding doctrines as widely accepted asstates' rights of national defence, the principle ...

Cecile Fabre is currently Professor of Political Philosophy at Oxford University, and Fellow in Philosophy at Lincoln College. She has published extensively on rights, justice, and war - her latest monograph, Cosmopolitan War, came out with OUP in 2012. Seth Lazar is a continuing research fellow at the School of Philosophy in the Rese...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:256 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.1 inPublished:February 27, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199682836

ISBN - 13:9780199682836

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements1. Cecile Fabre and Seth Lazar: Introduction2. Seth Lazar: National Defence, Self-Defence, and the Problem of Political Aggression3. Patrick Emerton and Toby Handfield: Understanding the Political Defensive Privilege4. David Rodin: The Myth of National Self-Defence5. Cecile Fabre: Cosmopolitanism and Wars of Self-Defence6. Jeff McMahan: What Rights may be Defended by Means of War?7. Yitzhak Benbaji: Distributive Justice, Human Rights, and Territorial Integrity: A Contractarian Account of the Crime of Aggression8. Margaret Moore: Collective Self-Determination, Institutions of Justice, and Wars of National Defence9. Anna Stilz: Territorial Rights and National Defence10. Christopher Kutz: Democracy, Defence, and the Threat of InterventionIndex