The Moving Tablet of the Eye: The origins of modern eye movement research

Paperback | June 30, 2005

byNicholas Wade, Benjamin Tatler

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Eye movements are a vital part of our interaction with the world. They play a pivotal role in perception, cognition, and education. Research in this field is now proceeding at a considerable pace and casting new light on how the eyes move and what information we can derive during the frequentand brief periods of fixation. However, the origins of this work are less well known, even though much of our knowledge was derived from this research with far more primitive equipment. This book is unique in tracing the history of eye movement research. It shows how great strides were made in this area before modern recording devices were available, especially in the measurement of nystagmus. When photographic techniques were adapted to measure discontinuous eye movements, fromabout 1900, many of the issues that are now basic to modern research were then investigated. One of the earliest cognitive tasks examined was reading, and it remains in the vanguard of contemporary research. Modern researchers in this field will be astonished at the subtleties of these early experimental studies and the ingenuity of interpretations that were advanced one and even two centuries ago. Though physicians often carried out the original eye movement research, later on it was pursued bypsychologists - it is within contemporary neuroscience that we find these two strands reunited. Anyone interested in the origins of psychology and neuroscience will find much to stimulate and surprise them in this valuable new work.

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Eye movements are a vital part of our interaction with the world. They play a pivotal role in perception, cognition, and education. Research in this field is now proceeding at a considerable pace and casting new light on how the eyes move and what information we can derive during the frequentand brief periods of fixation. However, the ...

Nick Wade is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:288 pages, 9.45 × 6.61 × 0.76 inPublished:June 30, 2005Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198566174

ISBN - 13:9780198566175

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Table of Contents

1. Informing contemporary research1.1. Introduction1.2. Scanning the way the eyes move1.3. Modern eye movement measuring techniques1.4. The moving tablet of the eye2. Origins of eye movement research2.1. Introduction2.2. Binocular eye movements2.3. Oculomotor anatomy and physiology2.4. Internal motions of the eye2.5. External motions of the eye2.6. Afterimages2.7. William Charles Wells2.8. Erasmus Darwin's 'Zoonomia'3. Nystagmus3.1. Introduction3.2. Visual vertigo3.3. Wells on vertigo3.4. Darwin on vertigo3.5. Wells and Darwin3.6. Purkinje and Flourens3.7. Mach, Breuer and Crum Brown3.8. James and Barany3.9. Griffith and Dodge4. Saccades and fixations4.1. Introduction4.2. Fixations4.3. Saccades4.4. Did Javal discover saccades?4.5. Developments from Dodge5. Visual motion illusions and eye movements5.1. Introduction5.2. Induced motion5.3. Motion aftereffect5.4. Visual vertigo5.5. Autokinetic motion5.6. Stroboscopic motion5.7. Vection5.8. Eye movements and visual motion6. Perceptual stability and eye movements6.1. Introduction6.2. Stability during eye movements6.3. Stability and saccades6.4. Stability and fixation7. Summary and conclusions7.1. Introduction7.2. Emergence of methods for measuring eye movements7.3. Eye movement and eye position7.4. Normal and abnormal eye movements7.5. Sleep and wakefulness7.6. Developmental trends7.7. Perceptual and cognitive processes7.8. Moving tablets - literature on eye movements