The Myth of Ethnic War: Serbia and Croatia in the 1990s by V. P. GagnonThe Myth of Ethnic War: Serbia and Croatia in the 1990s by V. P. Gagnon

The Myth of Ethnic War: Serbia and Croatia in the 1990s

byV. P. Gagnon

Paperback | March 1, 2006

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"The wars in Bosnia-Herzegovina and in neighboring Croatia and Kosovo grabbed the attention of the western world not only because of their ferocity and their geographic location, but also because of their timing. This violence erupted at the exact moment when the cold war confrontation was drawing to a close, when westerners were claiming their liberal values as triumphant, in a country that had only a few years earlier been seen as very well placed to join the west. In trying to account for this outburst, most western journalists, academics, and policymakers have resorted to the language of the premodern: tribalism, ethnic hatreds, cultural inadequacy, irrationality; in short, the Balkans as the antithesis of the modern west. Yet one of the most striking aspects of the wars in Yugoslavia is the extent to which the images purveyed in the western press and in much of the academic literature are so at odds with evidence from on the ground."—from The Myth of Ethnic War

V. P. Gagnon Jr. believes that the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s were reactionary moves designed to thwart populations that were threatening the existing structures of political and economic power. He begins with facts at odds with the essentialist view of ethnic identity, such as high intermarriage rates and the very high percentage of draft-resisters. These statistics do not comport comfortably with the notion that these wars were the result of ancient blood hatreds or of nationalist leaders using ethnicity to mobilize people into conflict.

Yugoslavia in the late 1980s was, in Gagnon's view, on the verge of large-scale sociopolitical and economic change. He shows that political and economic elites in Belgrade and Zagreb first created and then manipulated violent conflict along ethnic lines as a way to short-circuit the dynamics of political change. This strategy of violence was thus a means for these threatened elites to demobilize the population. Gagnon's noteworthy and rather controversial argument provides us with a substantially new way of understanding the politics of ethnicity.

V. P. (Chip) Gagnon, Jr., is Chair of the Department of Politics at Ithaca College.
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Title:The Myth of Ethnic War: Serbia and Croatia in the 1990sFormat:PaperbackDimensions:240 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.26 inPublished:March 1, 2006Publisher:Cornell University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0801472911

ISBN - 13:9780801472916

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Table of Contents

1. The Puzzle of the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s

2. Image versus Reality: Misidentifying the Causes of Violence

3. Political Conflict in the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, 1960s–1989

4. Serbia and the Strategy of Demobilization, 1990–2000

5. Croatia and the Strategy of Demobilization, 1990–2000

Conclusion

Appendix: A Brief Overview of the Literature
Selected Bibliography
Index

Editorial Reviews

"Other books on the subject of the violent breakup of the former Yugoslavia could be described as partial or polemical. V. P. Gagnon adds the crucial dimension of a sustained analysis of the internal political dynamics of nationalism. His powerful argument has important implications well beyond narrow regional studies: contrary to the common view, which depicts nationalism as a euphoria of patriotic ecstasy, Gagnon introduces the productive and suggestive concept of demobilization, by which nationalism operates as a political strategy to empty political space of concrete content and offer license to authoritarian regimes."—Eric Gordy, author of The Culture of Power in Serbia: Nationalism and the Destruction of Alternatives