The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg Code: Human Rights in Human Experimentation

Paperback | August 1, 1995

EditorGeorge J. Annas, Michael A. Grodin

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The atrocities committed by Nazi physicians and researchers during World War II prompted the development of the Nuremberg Code to define the ethics of modern medical experimentation utilizing human subjects. Since its enunciation, the Code has been viewed as one of the cornerstones of modernbioethical thought. The sources and ramifications of this important document are thoroughly discussed in this book by a distinguished roster of contemporary professionals from the fields of history, philosophy, medicine, and law. Contributors also include the chief prosecutor of the NurembergMilitary Tribunal and a moving account by a survivor of the Mengele Twin Experiments. The book sheds light on keenly debated issues of both science and jurisprudence, including the ethics of human experimentation; the doctrine of informed consent; and the Code's impact on today's international humanrights agenda. The historical setting of the Code's creation, some modern parallels, and the current attitude of German physicians toward the crimes of the Nazi era, are discussed in early chapters. The book progresses to a powerful account of the Doctors' Trial at Nuremberg, its resulting verdict,and the Code's development. The Code's contemporary influence on both American and international law is examined in its historical context and discussed in terms of its universality: are the foundational ethics of the Code as valid today as when it was originally penned? The editors conclude with achapter on foreseeable future developments and a proposal for an international covenant on human experimentation enforced by an international court. A major work in medical law and ethics, this volume provides stimulating, provocative reading for physicians, legal professionals, bioethicists,historians, biomedical researchers, and concerned laypersons.

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The atrocities committed by Nazi physicians and researchers during World War II prompted the development of the Nuremberg Code to define the ethics of modern medical experimentation utilizing human subjects. Since its enunciation, the Code has been viewed as one of the cornerstones of modernbioethical thought. The sources and ramificat...

George J. Annas and Michael A. Grodin are both of the Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:400 pages, 6.14 × 9.25 × 0.94 inPublished:August 1, 1995Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195101065

ISBN - 13:9780195101065

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Table of Contents

1. George J. Annas and Michael A. Grodin: Introduction and OverviewPart I: The Nazi Doctors and the Medical Experiments2. Robert Proctor, Ph.D.: Nazi Doctors, Racial Medicine and Human Experimentation3. Christian Pross, M.D.: Nazi Doctors, German Medicine and the Fight for Historical Truth4. Eva Mozes-Kor, B.S.: The Mengele Twins and Human Experimentation: A Personal AccountPart II: The Doctor's Trial and the Nuremberg Code5. Telford Taylor, LL.B., LL.D.: Opening Statement of the Prosecution6. Judgement and Aftermath7. Michael A. Grodin, M.D.: Historical Origins of the Nuremberg CodePart III: The Role of Codes in International and U.S. Law8. The Nuremberg Code Revisited: An International Overview, Sharon Perley, B.A., et al.9. Robert Drinan S.J., J.D.: The War Crimes Trials: The Nuremberg Principles as Human Rights Protection in International Law10. Leonard H. Glantz, J.D.: The Influence of the Nuremberg Code on United States Statutes and Regulations11. George J. Annas, J.D., M.P.H.: The Nuremberg Code in the United States Courts: Ethics Vs. ExpediencyPart IV: The Nuremberg Code: Ethics and Modern Medical Research12. Jay Katz, M.D.: The Consent Principles of the Nuremberg Code: Its Significance for Then and Now13. Ruth Machlin, Ph.D.: Universality of the Nuremberg Code: Are Ethics Relative to Time and Geography?14. Arthur Caplan, Ph.D.: No Comparison: The Doctor's Trial and Analogies to the Holocaust in Contemporary Bioethics Debates15. Marcia Angell, M.D.: Editorial Responsibility: Protecting Human Rights by Restricting Publication of Unethical Research16. Wendy K. Mariner, J.D., M.P.H.: Contemporary Therapeutic AIDS Research and the Legacy of the Nuremberg CodeConclusion17. George J. Annas, J.D., M.P.H. and Michael A. Grodin, M.D.: Where do We Go From Here?

Editorial Reviews

"This laudable collection of essays does much to dispel the confusion and put the whole episode in a proper perspective for those of us who need to know....In all, this volume of essays is well worth reading."--Journal of Medical Ethics