The Neurobiological Basis of Violence: Science and Rehabilitation

Hardcover | March 12, 2009

EditorSheilagh Hodgins, Essi Viding, Anna Plodowski

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In recent years, there has been an explosion of knowledge concerning the developmental processes that lead to persistent violent offending, and in particular, the neurobiological determinants. However, the field of violence has suffered from a divide between basic laboratory neuroscience andclinical science. Hence, this new knowledge has hitherto had little impact on government policies, prevention programmes, and on the rehabilitation of offenders. This book embraces a translational approach to treating the problem of violent offending. It highlights some of the key scientific challenges, as well as the dilemmas and difficulties in the translation of scientific findings (whether basic or clinical) into policy and practice applications. Usingfindings derived from studies in molecular genetics, and brain imaging, it provides the latest field of knowledge about violent offending and how to treat and prevent this major problem.The book starts by examining what we know about the development of persistent violent offenders and the factors and mechanisms thought to underlie their pattern of aggressive behaviour. Subsequent chapters describe studies looking at the cognitive and neural functioning of persistent violentoffenders, and the kind of children at risk of becoming violent offenders. The chapters in the latter part of the volume review the effectiveness of rehabilitation programmes for adult violent offenders. The book ends by focusing on the establishment of effective interventions for children at riskof becoming violent offenders and for mothers who are at risk of having at-risk children. Throughout, the volume emphasizes the need to consider both biological and non-biological factors as promoters of violence. For neuroscientists, criminologists, psychologists, and psychiatrists, this state of the art volume demonstrates just what can be achieved by integrating neuroscience withclinical practice, and presents a way forward for the development of effective treatments for persistent violent offending.

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In recent years, there has been an explosion of knowledge concerning the developmental processes that lead to persistent violent offending, and in particular, the neurobiological determinants. However, the field of violence has suffered from a divide between basic laboratory neuroscience andclinical science. Hence, this new knowledge h...

Sheilagh Hodgins is a Professor at the Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London. She is the author of numerous articles, book chapters, and books on mental disorders and violence. Her research endeavours to understand the developmental mechanisms associated with stable patterns of aggressive behaviours in individuals who present...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:384 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 0.04 inPublished:March 12, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199543534

ISBN - 13:9780199543533

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Table of Contents

Violent Offenders: Life-long Patterns1. Rolf Loeber and Dustin Pardini: Neurobiology and the development of violence: common assumptions and controversies2. Candice L Odgers: The life-course persistent pathway of antisocial behaviour: risks for violence and poor physical health3. Sheilagh Hodgins: Violent behaviour among people with schizophrenia: a framework for investigations of causes, and effective treatment, and preventionChildhood Characteristics4. Paul J Frick and Amelie Petitclerc: The use of callous-unemotional traits to define important subtypes of antisocial and violent youth5. Mark R Dadds and Tracy Rhodes: Aggression in young children with concurrent callous-unemotional traits: can the neurosciences inform progress and innovation in treatment approaches?6. Jonathan Hill, Lynne Murray, Vicki Leidecker and Helen Sharp: The dynamics of threat, fear and intentionality in the conduct disorders: longitudinal findings in the children of women with post-natal depressionNeurobiological Models and Findings7. R James R Blair: The amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex: functional contributions and dysfunctions in psychopathy8. Anna Plodowski, Sarah Gregory and Nigel Blackwood: Persistent violent offending in adult men: a critical review in neuroimaging studies9. Philip Sterzer and Christina Stadler: Brain imaging in children with conduct disorder10. Stephane de Brito and Sheilagh Hodgins: Executive functions of persistent violent offenders: a critical review of the literature11. Stephanie H M van Goozen and Graeme Fairchild: The neuroendocrinology of antisocial behaviour12. Christopher J Patrick and Edward M Bernat: From markers to mechanisms: using psychophysiological measures to elucidate basic processes underlying aggressive behaviourGenetic Contributions13. Essi Viding, Henrik Larsson and Alice P Jones: Quantitative genetic studies of antisocial behaviour14. Joshua W Buckholtz and Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg: Gene-brain associations: the example of MAOARehabilitation15. James McGuire: Reducing personal violence: risk factors and effective interventions16. Eamon McCrory and Elly Farmer: Effective psychological interventions for conduct problems: current evidence and new directions17. Conor Duggan: Why are programmes for offenders with personality disorder not informed by the relevant scientific findings?18. Richard E Tremblay: Understanding development and prevention of chronic physical aggression: towards experimental epigenetic studies