The Norm of Belief

Paperback | December 31, 2016

byJohn Gibbons

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John Gibbons presents an original account of epistemic normativity. Belief seems to come with a built-in set of standards or norms. One task is to say where these standards come from. But the more basic task is to say what those standards are. In some sense, beliefs are supposed to be true.Perhaps they're supposed to constitute knowledge. And in some sense, they really ought to be reasonable. Which, if any of these is the fundamental norm of belief? The Norm of Belief argues against the teleological or instrumentalist conception of rationality that sees being reasonable as a means toour more objective aims, either knowledge or truth. And it tries to explain both the norms of knowledge and of truth in terms of the fundamental norm, the one that tells you to be reasonable. But the importance of being reasonable is not explained in terms of what it will get you, or what you thinkit will get you, or what it would get you if only things were different. The requirement to be reasonable comes from the very idea of what a genuine requirement is. That is where the built-in standards governing belief come from, and that is what they are.

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John Gibbons presents an original account of epistemic normativity. Belief seems to come with a built-in set of standards or norms. One task is to say where these standards come from. But the more basic task is to say what those standards are. In some sense, beliefs are supposed to be true.Perhaps they're supposed to constitute knowled...

John Gibbons is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of St. Hilda's College. He received his PhD from Brown University. He has taught at New York University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He works on epistemology, action theory, and the philosophy of mind.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:320 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.68 inPublished:December 31, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198791054

ISBN - 13:9780198791058

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Table of Contents

Preface1. The PuzzlePart I: The Ambiguity Theory2. Subjective and Objective "Oughts"3. Blaming the QuestionPart II: Objectivism4. The Derivation5. TeleologyPart III: The Natural Reaction6. Guidance7. AccessPart IV: Subjectivism8. Knowledge Versus Truth9. Moore10. The Moore ConditionalsBibliography

Editorial Reviews

"Gibbons' excellent book . . . is extremely rewarding. Not only does he offer interesting answers to foundational questions about epistemic normativity, he engages with some important questions in practical reason in a way that few epistemologists have done . . . I strongly recommend the bookto those who work on normativity." --Errol Lord, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews