The Normativity of Rationality by Ralph WedgwoodThe Normativity of Rationality by Ralph Wedgwood

The Normativity of Rationality

byRalph Wedgwood

Hardcover | August 9, 2017

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Ralph Wedgwood gives a general account of the concept of rationality. The Normativity of Rationality is designed as the first instalment of a trilogy - to be followed by accounts of the requirements of rationality that apply specifically to beliefs and choices. The central claim of the book isthat rationality is a normative concept. This claim is defended against some recent objections. Normative concepts are to be explained in terms of values (not in terms of "ought" or reasons). Rationality is itself a value: rational thinking is in a certain way better than irrational thinking.Specifically, rationality is an internalist concept: what it is rational for you to think now depends solely on what is now present in your mind. Nonetheless, rationality has an external goal - the goal of thinking correctly, or getting things right in one's thinking. The connection between thinkingrationally and thinking correctly is probabilistic: if your thinking is irrational, that is in effect bad news about your thinking's degree of correctness. This account of rationality explains how we should set about giving a theory of what it is for beliefs and choices to be rational. Wedgwood thusunifies practical and theoretical rationality, and reveals the connections between formal accounts of rationality (such as those of formal epistemologists and decision theorists) and the more metaethics-inspired recent discussions of the normativity of rationality. He does so partly by drawing onrecent work in the semantics of normative and modal terms (including deontic modals like "ought").
After studying at Oxford, King's College London, and Cornell, Ralph Wedgwood taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1995-2002) and at Merton College, Oxford (2002-2011), before taking up his current position at the University of Southern California in 2012. He works principally on ethics and epistemology. His interests in...
Title:The Normativity of RationalityFormat:HardcoverDimensions:288 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0 inPublished:August 9, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198802692

ISBN - 13:9780198802693

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Is Rationality Normative?2. The Beginnings of an Answer3. 'Rationally Ought' Implies 'Can'4. The Pitfalls of 'Reasons'5. Objective and Subjective 'Ought'6. Rationality as a Virtue7. Internalism Re-explained8. Why Does Rationality Matter?9. The Aim of Rationality: CorrectnessConclusion: Looking Ahead