The Origins of Object Knowledge

Paperback | March 19, 2009

EditorBruce Hood, Laurie Santos

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Do humans start life with the capacity to detect and mentally represent the objects around them? Or is our object knowledge instead derived only as the result of prolonged experience with the external world? Are we simply able to perceive objects by watching their actions in the world, or dowe have to act on objects ourselves in order to learn about their behavior? Finally, do we come to know all aspects of objects in the same way, or are some aspects of our object understanding more epistemologically privileged than others?The Origins of Object Knowledge presents the most up-to-date survey of the research into how the developing human mind understands the world of objects and their properties. It presents some of the best findings from leading research groups in the field of object representation approached from theperspective of developmental and comparative psychology. Topics covered in the book all address some aspect of what objects are from a psychological perspective; how humans and animals conceive what they are made of; what properties they possess; how we count them and how we categorize them; even how the difference between animate and inanimate objectsleads to different expectations. The chapters also cover the variety of methodologies and techniques that must be used to study infants, young children, and non-human primates and the value of combining approaches to discovering what each group knows.Bringing together leading researchers, communicating the most contemporary and exciting findings within the field of object representation, this volume will be an important work in the cognitive sciences, and of interest to those across the fields of developmental and comparative psychology.

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Do humans start life with the capacity to detect and mentally represent the objects around them? Or is our object knowledge instead derived only as the result of prolonged experience with the external world? Are we simply able to perceive objects by watching their actions in the world, or dowe have to act on objects ourselves in orde...

Bruce Hood is the Director of the Bristol Cognitive Development Centre in the Experimental Psychology Department at the University of Bristol. He hs been a research fellow at Cambridge University and University College London, a visiting scientist at MIT and a faculty professor at Harvard. He was awarded an Alfred Sloan Fellowship in...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:392 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.07 inPublished:March 19, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199216894

ISBN - 13:9780199216895

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Table of Contents

1. Laurie R Santos and Bruce M Hood: Object representation as a central issue in cognitive science2. Jennifer M Zosh and Lisa Feigenson: Beyond 'what' and 'how many': Capacity, complexity and resolution of infants' object representations3. Kerry E Jordan and Elizabeth M Brannon: A comparative approach to understanding human numerical cognition4. Marian L Chen and Alan M Leslie: Multiple object tracking in infants': four (or so) ways of being discrete5. Erik W Cheries, Stephen R Mitroff, Karen Wynn and Brian J Scholl: Do the same principles constrain persisting object representation in infant cognition and adult perception? The cases of continuity and cohesion6. Jonathan I Flombaum, Brian J Scholl and Laurie R Santos: Spatiotemporal priority as a fundamental principle of object persistence7. Rebecca Rosenberg and Susan Carey: Infants' representations of material entities8. Kristin Shutts, Lori Markson and Elizabeth S Spelke: The developmental origins of animal and artefact concepts9. Dima Amso and Scott P Johnson: Building object knowledge from perceptual input10. Denis Mareschal and Andrew J Bremner: Modeling the origins of object knowledge11. Fei Xu, Kathryn Dewar and Amy Perfors: Induction, overhypotheses, and the shape bias: some arguments and evidence for rational constructivism12. Renee Baillargeon, Di Wu, Sylvia Yuan, Jie Li and Yuyan Luo: Young infants' expectations about self-propelled objects13. Nathalia Gjersoe and Bruce Hood: Clever eyes and stupid hands: current thoughts on why dissociations of apparent knowledge occur on solidity tasks