The Oxford Handbook of Engineering and Technology in the Classical World

Paperback | January 13, 2010

byJohn Peter Oleson

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Nearly every aspect of daily life in the Mediterranean world and Europe during the florescence of the Greek and Roman cultures is relevant to the topics of engineering and technology. This volume highlights both the accomplishments of the ancient societies and the remaining research problems,and stimulates further progress in the history of ancient technology. The subject matter of the book is the technological framework of the Greek and Roman cultures from ca. 800 B.C. through ca. A.D. 500 in the circum-Mediterranean world and Northern Europe. Each chapter discusses a technology orfamily of technologies from an analytical rather than descriptive point of view, providing a critical summation of our present knowledge of the Greek and Roman accomplishments in the technology concerned and the evolution of their technical capabilities over the chronological period. Eachpresentation reviews the issues and recent contributions, and defines the capacities and accomplishments of the technology in the context of the society that used it, the available "technological shelf," and the resources consumed. These studies introduce and synthesize the results of excavation orspecialized studies. The chapters are organized in sections progressing from sources (written and representational) to primary (e.g., mining, metallurgy, agriculture) and secondary (e.g., woodworking, glass production, food preparation, textile production and leather-working) production, totechnologies of social organization and interaction (e.g., roads, bridges, ships, harbors, warfare and fortification), and finally to studies of general social issues (e.g., writing, timekeeping, measurement, scientific instruments, attitudes toward technology and innovation) and the relevance ofethnographic methods to the study of classical technology. The unrivalled breadth and depth of this volume make it the definitive reference work for students and academics across the spectrum of classical studies.

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Nearly every aspect of daily life in the Mediterranean world and Europe during the florescence of the Greek and Roman cultures is relevant to the topics of engineering and technology. This volume highlights both the accomplishments of the ancient societies and the remaining research problems,and stimulates further progress in the histo...

John Peter Oleson is Distinguished Professor of Greek and Roman Studies at the University of Victoria in Canada.

other books by John Peter Oleson

Format:PaperbackDimensions:896 pages, 6.69 × 9.69 × 1.69 inPublished:January 13, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199734852

ISBN - 13:9780199734856

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Table of Contents

ContributorsAbbreviations and Spelling NormsIntroductionPart I: Sources1. Serafina Cuomo: Ancient Written Sources for Engineering and Technology2. Roger Ulrich: Representations of Technical Processes3. Kevin Greene: Historiography and Theoretical ApproachesPart II: Primary, Extractive Technologies4. Paul T. Craddock: Mining and Metallurgy5. J. Clayton Fant: Quarrying and Stoneworking6. Orjan Wikander: Sources of Energy and Exploitation of Power7. Evi Margaritis and Martin K. Jones: Greek and Roman Agriculture8. Geoffrey Kron: Animal Husbandry, Hunting, Fishing, and Fish ProductionPart III: Engineering and Complex Machines9. Fredrick A. Cooper: Greek Engineering and Construction10. Lynne Lancaster: Roman Engineering and Construction11. Andrew I. Wilson: Hydraulic Engineering and Water Supply12. Klaus Grewe: Tunnels and Canals13. Andrew I. Wilson: Machines in Greek and Roman TechnologyPart IV: Secondary Processes and Manufacturing14. Robert I. Curtis: Food Processing and Preparation15. Andrew I. Wilson: Large-Scale Manufacturing, Standardization, and Trade16. Carol Mattusch: Metalworking and Tools17. Roger B. Ulrich: Woodworking18. John P. Wild: Textile Production19. Carol van Driel-Murray: Tanning and Leather20. Mark Jackson and Kevin Greene: Ceramic Production21. E. Marianne Stern: Glass ProductionPart V: Technologies of Movement and Transport22. Lorenzo Quilici: Land Transport, Part 1: Roads and Bridges23. Georges Raepsaet: Land Transport, Part 2: Riding, Harnesses, and Vehicles24. Sean McGrail: Sea Transport, Part 1: Ships and Navigation25. David J. Blackman: Sea Transport, Part 2: HarborsPart VI: Technologies of Death26. Philip de Souza: Greek Warfare and Fortification27. Gwyn Davies: Roman Warfare and FortificationPart VII: Technologies of the Mind28. Willy Clarysse and Katelijn Vandorpe: Information Technologies: Writing, Book Production, and the Role of Literacy29. Robert Hannah: Timekeeping30. Technologies of CalculationPart 1: Weights and MeasuresCharlotte Wikander: Part 2: CoinageAndrew Meadows: Part 3: Practical MathematicsKarin Tybjerg: 31. Orjan Wikander: Gadgets and Scientific Instruments32. Kevin Greene: Inventors, Invention, and Attitudes toward InnovationPart VIII: Ancient Technologies in the Modern World33. Michael B. Schiffer: Expanding Ethnoarchaeology: Historical Evidence and Model-Building in the Study of Technological ChangeIndexIndex