The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

Paperback | August 1, 2011

EditorPatricia Curd, Daniel Graham

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In the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. a new kind of thinker appeared in Greek city-states, dedicated to finding the origins of the world and everything in it, using observation and reason rather than tradition and myth. We call these thinkers Presocratic philosophers, and recognize them as thefirst philosophers of the Western tradition, as well as the originators of scientific thinking. New textual discoveries and new approaches make a reconsideration of the Presocratics at the beginning of the twenty-first century especially timely.This handbook brings together leading international scholars to study the diverse figures, movements, and approaches that constitute Presocratic philosophy. More than a survey of scholarship, this study presents new interpretations and evaluations of the Presocratics' accomplishments, from Thales tothe sophists, from theology to science, and from pre-philosophical background to their influence on later thinkers. Many positions presented here challenge accepted wisdom and offer alternative accounts of Presocratic theories.This handbook includes chapters on the Milesians (Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes), Xenophanes, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Empedocles, the Pythagoreans, the atomists, and the sophists. Special studies are devoted to the sources of Presocratic philosophy, oriental influences, Hippocraticmedicine, cosmology, explanation, epistemology, theology, and the reception of Presocratic thought in Aristotle and other ancient authors.

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In the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. a new kind of thinker appeared in Greek city-states, dedicated to finding the origins of the world and everything in it, using observation and reason rather than tradition and myth. We call these thinkers Presocratic philosophers, and recognize them as thefirst philosophers of the Western tradition...

Patricia Curd is Professor of Philosophy, Purdue University. Daniel Graham is Professor of Philosophy, Brigham Young University.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:608 pages, 6.69 × 9.41 × 1.3 inPublished:August 1, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199837554

ISBN - 13:9780199837557

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. David T.Runia: The Sources of Presocratic Philosophy3. Walter Burkert: Prehistory of Presocratic Philosophy in an Orientalizing Context4. Stephen A. White: Milesian Measures: Time, Space, and Matter5. Alexander P. D. Mourelatos: The Cloud-Astrophyics of Xenophanes and Ionian Material Monism6. Daniel W. Graham: Heraclitus: Flux, Order, and Knowledge7. Richard McKirahan: Signs and Arguments in Parmenides B88. Patricia Curd: Anaxagoras and the Theory of Everything9. Oliver Primavesi: Empedocles: Physical Divinity and Allegorical Myth10. Carl Huffman: Two Problems in Pythagoreanism11. David Sedley: Atomism's Eleatic Roots12. Daniel W. Graham: Leucippus's Atomism13. Andre Laks: Speculating about Diogenes of Appolonia14. Michael Gagarin and Paul Woodruff: The Sophists15. Philip van der Eijk: The Role of Hippocratic Medicine in the Formation of Early Greek Thought16. R. J. Hankinson: Presocratic Cosmologies17. J. H. Lesher: Reason, Cause, and Explanation in Presocratic Philosophy18. T. M. Robinson: Presocratic Theology19. Michael Frede: Aristotle's Account of the Origins of Philosophy20. John Palmer: Classical Representations and Uses of the Presocratics