The Oxford Handbook of Probability and Philosophy by Alan Hajek

The Oxford Handbook of Probability and Philosophy

EditorAlan Hajek, Christopher Hitchcock

Hardcover | October 8, 2016

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Probability theory is a key tool of the physical, mathematical, and social sciences. It has also been playing an increasingly significant role in philosophy: in epistemology, philosophy of science, ethics, social philosophy, philosophy of religion, and elsewhere. A case can be made thatprobability is as vital a part of the philosopher's toolkit as logic. Moreover, there is a fruitful two-way street between probability theory and philosophy: the theory informs much of the work of philosophers, and philosophical inquiry, in turn, has shed considerable light on the theory. ThisHandbook encapsulates and furthers the influence of philosophy on probability, and of probability on philosophy. Nearly forty articles summarise the state of play and present new insights in various areas of research at the intersection of these two fields. The articles will be of special interestto practitioners of probability who seek a greater understanding of its mathematical and conceptual foundations, and to philosophers who want to get up to speed on the cutting edge of research in this area. There is plenty here to entice philosophical readers who don't work especially on probabilitybut who want to learn more about it and its applications. Indeed, this volume should appeal to the intellectually curious generally; after all, there is much here to be curious about. We do not expect all of this volume's audience to have a thorough training in probability theory. And whileprobability is relevant to the work of many philosophers, they often do not have much of a background in its formalism. With this in mind, we begin with 'Probability for Everyone--Even Philosophers', a primer on those parts of probability theory that we believe are most important for philosophers toknow. The rest of the volume is divided into seven main sections: History; Formalism; Alternatives to Standard Probability Theory; Interpretations and Interpretive Issues; Probabilistic Judgment and Its Applications; Applications of Probability: Science; and Applications of Probability:Philosophy.

About The Author

Alan Hajek is Professor of Philosophy at the Australian National University. Christopher Hitchcock is J. O. and Juliette Koepfli Professor of Philosophy in the Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences at California Institute of Technology.

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Title:The Oxford Handbook of Probability and PhilosophyFormat:HardcoverDimensions:640 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 0 inPublished:October 8, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199607613

ISBN - 13:9780199607617

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Table of Contents

Alan Hajek and Christopher Hitchcock: Introduction1. Alan Hajek and Chris Hitchcock: Probability for Everyone--Even PhilosophersHistory2. James Franklin: Pre-history of Probability3. Edith Dudley Sylla: Probability in Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Continental Europe from the Perspective of Jacob Bernoulli's Art of Conjecturing4. D. R. Bellhouse: Probability and its Application in Britain during the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries5. Hans Fischer: A Brief History of Probability Theory from 1810 to 19406. John Aldrich: The Origins of Modern Statistics: The English Statistical School7. Maria Carla Galavotti: The Origins of Probabilistic Epistemology: Some leading philosophers of probability in the 20th centuryFormalism8. Aidan Lyon: Kolmogorov's Axiomatization and its Discontents9. Kenny Easwaran: Conditional Probability10. Richard Neapolitan and Xia Jiang: The Bayesian Network StoryAlternatives to Standard Probability Theory11. Terrence Fine: Alternatives to Standard Probability and their Motivation12. J. Robert G. Williams: Probability and Non-classical Logic13. James Hawthorne: A Logic of Comparative Support: Qualitative Conditional Probability Relations Representable by Popper Functions14. Fabio G. Cozman: Imprecise probabilitiesInterpretations and Interpretive Issues15. Symmetry Arguments in Probability16. Adam La Caze: Frequentism in Probability Theory17. Lyle Zynda: Subjectivism in Probability Theory18. Jan Sprenger: Bayesianism vs. Frequentism in Statistical Inference19. Donald Gillies: The Propensity Interpretation of Probability20. Wolfgang Schwarz: Best System Approaches to Chance21. Antony Eagle: Probability and Randomness22. Roman Frigg: Chance and DeterminismProbabilistic Judgment and its Applications23. Michael Smithson: Human Understandings of Probability24. Stephen C. Hora: Probability Elicitation25. Franz Dietrich and Christian List: Probabilistic Opinion PoolingApplications of Probability: Science26. Guido Bacciagaluppi: Quantum Probability27. Wayne C. Myrvold: Probabilities in Statistical Mechanics28. Roberta L. Millstein: Probability in Biology: The Case of FitnessApplications of Probability: Philosophy29. Matt Kotzen: Probability in Epistemology30. Vincenzo Crupi and Katya Tentori: Confirmation Theory31. Michael G. Titelbaum: Self-Locating Credences32. Hannes Leitgeb: Probability in Logic33. David McCarthy: Probability in Ethics34. Paul Bartha: Probability and the Philosophy of Religion35. Eric Swanson: Probability in Philosophy of Language36. Lara Buchak: Decision Theory37. Christopher Hitchcock: Probabilistic Causation