It has been clear for many years that the ways in which archaeology is practised have always been a direct product of a particular set of social, cultural, and historical circumstances - archaeology is always carried out in the present. More recently however, many have begun to consider howarchaeological methodologies and techniques might be used to reflect more directly on the contemporary world itself; how we might undertake archaeologies of, as well as in the present. This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of an exciting and rapidly expanding sub-field and provides anauthoritative overview of this newly emerging focus on the archaeology of the present and recent past. In addition to detailed archaeological case studies, it includes essays by scholars working in adjacent fields on the relationship of different disciplines to the archaeology of the contemporary world, including anthropology, psychology, philosophy, sociology, historical geography, science andtechnology studies, communications and media studies, ethnoarchaeology, forensic archaeology, sociology, film studies, and performance studies/contemporary art practices. This volume seeks to explore the boundaries of an emerging sub-discipline, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods whichare applicable to this new sub-field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research. It makes a significant intervention in drawing together scholars working on a broad range of themes, approaches, methods, and case studies from diverse contexts in different parts of the world, whichhave not previously been considered collectively.