This book makes accessible to a wide readership, unique and important research on the biology and geological history of China. Previously only available in Chinese, this information provides a comprehensive survey and analysis of the biogeography of all major groups of fossil organismsthroughout the Phanerozoic. The book incorporates the latest ideas on global tectonics and ancient climate belts for evaluating how the complex geological history of China has affected organic distributions. Each geological period is considered individually, as are the different regions of China. Readers will find out what organisms inhabited the ancient seas and lands of China, the conditions in which they lived, and when and how the disintegration of Gondwanaland and the accretion of Eurasia led to the formation of modern China. A fascinating look at one of little-known areas of the modern world, this book is indispensable for anyone interested in China and the earth sciences in general.