The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays On The Growth Of Modern Paleontology

Paperback | March 4, 2015

EditorDavid Sepkoski, Michael Ruse

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The Paleobiological Revolution chronicles the incredible ascendance of the once-maligned science of paleontology to the vanguard of a field. With the establishment of the modern synthesis in the 1940s and the pioneering work of George Gaylord Simpson, Ernst Mayr, and Theodosius Dobzhansky, as well as the subsequent efforts of Stephen Jay Gould, David Raup, and James Valentine, paleontology became embedded in biology and emerged as paleobiology, a first-rate discipline central to evolutionary studies. Pairing contributions from some of the leading actors of the transformation with overviews from historians and philosophers of science, the essays here capture the excitement of the seismic changes in the discipline. In so doing, David Sepkoski and Michael Ruse harness the energy of the past to call for further study of the conceptual development of modern paleobiology.

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The Paleobiological Revolution chronicles the incredible ascendance of the once-maligned science of paleontology to the vanguard of a field. With the establishment of the modern synthesis in the 1940s and the pioneering work of George Gaylord Simpson, Ernst Mayr, and Theodosius Dobzhansky, as well as the subsequent efforts of Stephen J...

David Sepkoski is a senior research scholar at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science. He is the author of Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline, also published by the University of Chicago Press. Michael Ruse is the Lucyle T. Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy and director ...

other books by David Sepkoski

Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline
Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:568 pages, 9 × 6 × 1.4 inPublished:March 4, 2015Publisher:University Of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:022627571X

ISBN - 13:9780226275710

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction: Paleontology at the High Table
            Michael Ruse and David Sepkoski


Part I: Major Innovations in Paleobiology


1.  The Emergence of Paleobiology
            David Sepkoski


2. The Fossil Record: Biological or Geological Signal?
            Michael J. Benton
           

3. Biogeography and Evolution in the Early Paleozoic
            Richard A. Fortey
           

4. The Discovery of Conodont Anatomy and Its Importance for Understanding the Early History of Vertebrates
            Richard J. Aldridge and Derek E. J. Briggs


5. Emergence of Precambrian Paleobiology: A New Field of Science
            J. William Schopf


6. Dinosaurs at the Table
            John R. Horner
           

7. Ladders, Bushes, Punctuations, and Clades: Hominid Paleobiology in the Late Twentieth Century
            Tim White


8.  Punctuated Equilibria and Speciation: What Does It Mean to Be a Darwinian?
            Patricia Princehouse


9.  Molecular Evolution vis-à-vis Paleontology
            Francisco J. Ayala


Part II: The Historical and Conceptual Significance of Recent Paleontology


10.  Beyond Detective Work: Empirical Testing in Paleontology
            Derek Turner


11. Taxic Paleobiology and the Pursuit of a Unified Evolutionary Theory
     Todd A. Grantham


12. Ideas in Dinosaur Paleontology:  Resonating to Social, Political, and Popular Context
            David E. Fastovsky


13. Reg Sprigg and the Discovery of the Ediacara Fauna in South Australia: Its Approach to the High Table
            Susan Turner and David Oldroyd

           

14. The Morphological Tradition in German Paleontology: Otto Schindewolf, Walter Zimmermann, and Adolf Seilacher
            Manfred D. Laubichler and Karl J. Niklas


15.  “Radical” or “Conservative”? The Origin and Early Reception of Punctuated Equilibrium
            David Sepkoski


16.  The Shape of Evolution: The MBL Model and Clade Shape
            John Huss


17.  Ritual Patricide: Why Stephen Jay Gould assassinated George Gaylord Simpson
            Joe Cain


18.  The Consensus That Changed the Paleobiological World
            Arnold I. Miller


Part III: Reflections on Recent Paleobiology


19.  The Infusion of Biology into Paleontological Research
            James W. Valentine
           

20. From Empirical Paleoecology to Evolutionary Paleobiology: A Personal Journey
            Richard Bambach


21.  Intellectual Evolution Across an Academic Landscape
            Rebecca Z. German


22. The Problem of Punctuational Speciation and Trends in the Fossil Record
            Anthony Hallam


23. Punctuated Equilibrium versus Community Evolution
            Arthur J. Boucot


24. An Interview with David M. Raup
            Edited by David Sepkoski and David M. Raup


25.  Paleontology in the Twenty-First Century
            David Jablonski


26. Punctuations and Paradigms: Has Paleobiology Been through a Paradigm Shift?
           Michael Ruse


List of Contributors
Index

Editorial Reviews

“This insightful volume should serve as a foundation for future work in the largely unexplored realm of history and philosophy of paleontology.”