The People of Sunghir: Burials, Bodies, and Behavior in the Earlier Upper Paleolithic

Hardcover | July 14, 2014

byErik Trinkaus, Alexandra P. Buzhilova, Maria B. Mednikova

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In this latest volume in the Human Evolution Series, Erik Trinkaus and his co-authors synthesize the research and findings concerning the human remains found at the Sunghir archaeological site. It has long been apparent to those in the field of paleoanthropology that the human fossil remainsfrom the site of Sunghir are an important part of the human paleoanthropological record, and that these fossil remains have the potential to provide substantial data and inferences concerning human biology and behavior, both during the earlier Upper Paleolithic and concerning the early phases ofhuman occupation of high latitude continental Eurasia. But despite many separate investigations and published studies on the site and its findings, a single and definitive volume does not yet exist on the subject. This book combines the expertise of four paleoanthropologists to provide acomprehensive description and paleobiological analysis of the Sunghir human remains.Since 1990, Trinkaus et al. have had access to the Sunghir site and its findings, and the authors have published frequently on the topic. The book places these human fossil remains in context with other Late Pleistocene humans, utilizing numerous comparative charts, graphs, and figures. As such, thebook is highly illustrated, in color. Trinkaus and his co-authors outline the many advances in paleoanthropology that these remains have helped to bring about, examining the Sunghir site from all angles.

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In this latest volume in the Human Evolution Series, Erik Trinkaus and his co-authors synthesize the research and findings concerning the human remains found at the Sunghir archaeological site. It has long been apparent to those in the field of paleoanthropology that the human fossil remainsfrom the site of Sunghir are an important par...

Erik Trinkaus is a Professor of Anthropology at Washington University, who has been analyzing the late archaic and early modern fossil human remains since his doctoral work at the University of Pennsylvania. He is concerned primarily with the changes in human biology that reflect the emergence of modern humans.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:420 pages, 11 × 8.5 × 0.98 inPublished:July 14, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199381054

ISBN - 13:9780199381050

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAssessing the Paleobiology of the Sunghir PeopleThe Site of Sunghir: Contents and ChronologyThe Site of SunghirRadiocarbon Dating of the Site and the BurialsThe Mortuary Behavior at SunghirThe Isolated Sunghir 5 CraniumGrave 1 and Sunghir 1Grave 2 and Sunghir 2 and 3Grave 2bis plus Sunghir 6 and/or Sunghir 7Sunghir 8Time Investment in the Sunghir BurialsBurial versus Everyday ClothingThe Mid Upper Paleolithic Mortuary ContextAdditional ConsiderationsSunghir and its Human RemainsThe Sunghir Human Skeletal RemainsThe Skeletal Inventory of Sunghir 1The Skeletal Inventory of Sunghir 2The Skeletal Inventory of Sunghir 3The Sunghir 4 Femoral DiaphysisThe Sunghir 5 CraniumThe Sunghir 6 Hemi-MandibleSunghir 7 to 9Comparative Materials and Methods for the Sunghir RemainsComparative SamplesData SourcesComparative MethodsA Note on Notations and AccuracyThe Ages-at-Death and Sexes of the Sunghir HumansThe Ages-at-DeathThe Sexes of the Sunghir IndividualsThe Neurocrania from Sunghir 1, 2, 3 and 5The Sunghir NeurocraniaNeurocranial Size and ProportionsSutural PatternsNeurocranial ContoursThe Nuchal Plane and Adjacent StructuresThe Temporal RegionThe Human Facial Skeletons from SunghirThe Sunghir Facial SkeletonsPrognathismThe Orbital RegionThe Nasal RegionMasticatory MorphologyThe Sunghir Dental and Alveolar RemainsThe Sunghir 1 Dentoalveolar RemainsThe Sunghir 2 and 3 Dentoalveolar RemainsThe Sunghir 5 Alveolar RemainsThe Sunghir 6 Alveolar RemainsDental MetricsDental Occlusal Discrete Morphology (S.E. Bailey and A.A. Zubov)The Axial Skeletons of Sunghir 1, 2 and 3The Cervical Vertebral ColumnThe Thoracic and Lumbar VertebraeThe SacraThe Costal SkeletonsThe Body Size and Proportions of the Sunghir PeopleBody Mass EstimationBody ProportionsStature EstimationThe Shoulders and Arms of Sunghir 1 to 3Issues of AsymmetryThe ShoulderDiaphyseal HypertrophyForearm Pronation/SupinationThe Sunghir HandsCarpals and the Carpal TunnelHand Length ProportionsThe PollexUlnar Carpometacarpal ConfigurationsManual HypertrophyThe Pelves of Sunghir 1, 2 and 3The Sunghir Pelvic RemainsThe Pubic RegionThe IschiaThe IliaThe Leg Remains from Sunghir 1 to 4Sunghir 1 and 4 Length ConsiderationsDiaphyseal Morphology and ProportionsProximal Femoral Morphology and ProportionsConsiderations about the KneeThe Proximal Side of the Talocrural ArticulatioThe Sunghir Pedal SkeletonsPedal Length ProportionsThe Talocrural Articulations - The Distal SideSubtalar ArticulationsThe HalluxThe Lateral ToesThe Abnormalities of the Sunghir PeopleSunghir 1 AbnormalitiesSunghir 2 AbnormalitiesSunghir 3 AbnormalitiesSunghir 4 AbnormalitiesSunghir 5 AbnormalitiesSunghir 6 LesionsSunghir Abnormalities in their Pleistocene ContextDietary Inferences for the Sunghir HumansBone Mineral CompositionBone Collagen Stable IsotopesPostcanine Buccal MicrowearThe Paleobiology of the Sunghir PeoplePopulational IssuesConsiderations of Stress and SurvivalIssues of Strength and EnduranceSome Final ThoughtsBibliography