The Perception of Speech: from sound to meaning

Paperback | December 26, 2009

EditorBrian Moore, Lorraine Tyler, William Marslen-Wilson

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Spoken language communication is arguably the most important activity that distinguishes humans from nonhuman species. While many animal species communicate and exchange information using sound, humans are unique in the complexity of the information that can be conveyed using speech, and inthe range of ideas, thoughts and emotions that can be expressed.Despite the importance of speech communication for the entire structure of human society, there are many aspects of this process that are not fully understood. One problem is that research on speech and language is typically carried out by different groups of scientists working on separate aspectsof the underlying functional and neural systems. On the one hand, research from an auditory perspective focuses on the acoustical properties of speech sounds, their representation in the auditory system, and how that representation is used to extract phonetic information. On the other hand, researchfrom psycholinguistic perspectives examines the processes by which representations of meaning are extracted from the acoustic-phonetic sequence, and how these are linked to the construction of higher-level linguistic interpretation in terms of sentences and discourse. Till now, there has beenrelatively little interaction between speech researchers from these two groups, in spite of a dramatic expansion in recent years of research into the neural bases of auditory and linguistic functions.This book bridges the gap between these two lines of research, recognising that both have the same aims in understanding how the motor gestures of a speaker are transformed to sounds and how those are mapped onto meaning in the comprehension of spoken language. It presents the work of leadingresearchers specializing in a wide range of topics within speech perception and language processing - along with contributions from key researchers in neuroanatomy and neuro-imaging. This important new work cuts through the traditional boundaries and fosters crossdisciplinary interactions in thisimportant and rapidly developing area of the biological and cognitive sciences.

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Spoken language communication is arguably the most important activity that distinguishes humans from nonhuman species. While many animal species communicate and exchange information using sound, humans are unique in the complexity of the information that can be conveyed using speech, and inthe range of ideas, thoughts and emotions that...

Brian Moore and Lorraine Tyler are both Professors in the Department of Experimental Psychology at the University of Cambridge, UK. William Marslen-Wilson is Professor in the MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit at the University of Cambridge, UK.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:352 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.04 inPublished:December 26, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199561311

ISBN - 13:9780199561315

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Table of Contents

1. Brian C J Moore, Lorraine K Tyler and William Marslen-Wilson: Introduction: the perception of speech: from sound to meaning2. Eric D Young: Neural representation of spectral and temporal information in speech3. Brian C J Moore: Basic auditory processes involved in the analysis of speech sounds4. Randy L Diehl: Acoustic and auditory phonetics: the adaptive design of speech sound systems5. Patricia K Kuhl: Early language acquisition: phonetic and word learning, neural substrates, and a theoretical model6. Ruth Campbell: The processing of audio-visual speech: empirical and neural bases7. Christopher J Darwin: Listening to speech in the presence of other sounds8. Roy D Patterson and Ingrid S Johnsrude: Functional imaging of the audiotry processing applied to speech sounds9. Lorraine K Tyler and William Marslen-Wilson: Fronto-temporal brain systems supporting spoken language comprehension10. Peter Hagoort: The fractrionation of spoken language understanding by measuring electrical and magnetic brain signals11. David Poeppel, William J Idsardi and Virginie van Wassenhove: Speech perception at the interface of neurobiology and linguistics12. Robert J Zatorre and Jackson T Gandour: Neural specializations for speech and pitch: moving beyond the dichotomies13. Michael K Tanenhaus and Sarah Brown-Schmidt: Language processing in the natural world

Editorial Reviews

Review from other book by this author: "a characteristically comprehensive and sure-footed contribution from the pen of Brian Moore ... It forms an exemplary addition to the Oxford psychology series ... The bulk of the volume deals in valuable detail with the main essential aspects of hearing affected by cochlear impairment ... this mustbe the most comprehensive and up to date review available of the perceptual consequences of cochlear hearing impairment ... It should be on the shelf of every professional in the field of hearing impairment who wants a critical outlook on the field." --E. F. Evans, Keele University, British Journal of Audiology