Targeted federal aid to needy city areas is difficult to maintain because of political pressure to broaden geographical coverage for continued legislative support, i.e., aid becomes distributive rather than targeted. The effectiveness of a program declines because of the broadening of the program, if all else remains constant. With the last such program, the Urban Development Action Grant (UDAG), the geographic broadening did not occur, which contributed to its termination by Congress. This book details the political pressure and the effectiveness of the UDAG program. It further examines specific events, both legislative and administrative, which tended to lessen the impact of the targeted program.