The Present as History: Critical Perspectives on Global Power

Kobo ebook | December 31, 2007

byNermeen Shaikh

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The Present as History is a rare opportunity to hear world-renowned scholars speak on the new imperialism, feminism and human rights, secularism and Islam, post-colonialism, and the global economy. They treat the United States as an object to be historically and politically interrogated rather than as the norm from which all else is to be evaluated and assess the Third World through its history of colonialism and neocolonialism rather than focusing on issues of culture and morality.

Amartya Sen discusses the shortcomings of the development agenda as it was conceived at the close of the Second World War, while Joseph Stiglitz explains economic globalization and the power of the International Monetary Fund in guiding its trajectory. Sanjay Reddy argues that global poverty estimates are flawed, and Helena Norberg-Hodge uses her experience in Tibet to lay bare the problems with development practice.

Political scientists Partha Chatterjee, Mahmood Mamdani, and Anatol Lieven chart the growth of hegemonic power from the colonial to the postcolonial period. Chatterjee examines the enduring effects of colonial administrative and governing practices, while Mamdani, focusing on the present global dispensation, explains the growth of terrorist movements around the world in the context of the Cold War. Lieven looks at the different strains of American nationalism and the continuities and ruptures between nineteenth-century empires and the present one. Iranian human rights lawyer Shirin Ebadi elaborates the relationship between Islam, democracy, and human rights while anthropologists Lila Abu-Lughod and Saba Mahmood respectively trace the historical use of women as an excuse for imperial intervention and discuss the relationship between liberalism, Islam, and secularism. Literary theorist and cultural critic Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak looks at the legacy of colonialism in the domain of language and education, and isolates the problems associated with human rights discourse and practice.

In conclusion, Talal Asad traces the genealogy of the term secularism, the special place of Islam within it, and its relationship to modernity. Gil Anidjar considers the distinction between religion and politics and elaborates the historical links between secularism and Christianity. Taken together, these interviews offer a valuable understanding of world history and a corrective to predominant conventional discourses on global power and justice.

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The Present as History is a rare opportunity to hear world-renowned scholars speak on the new imperialism, feminism and human rights, secularism and Islam, post-colonialism, and the global economy. They treat the United States as an object to be historically and politically interrogated rather than as the norm from which all else is t...

Nermeen Shaikh has worked at the Sustainable Development Policy Institute in Islamabad and the International Institute for Environment and Development in London. She works at the Asia Society in New York City.
Format:Kobo ebookPublished:December 31, 2007Publisher:Columbia University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0231512414

ISBN - 13:9780231512411

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Part 1. The Global Economy
1. Amartya Sen
2. Helena Norberg Hodge
3. Sanjay Reddy
4. Joseph Stiglitz
Part 2. Postcolonialism and the New Imperialism
5. Partha Chatterjee
6. Mahmood Mamdani
7. Anatol Lieven
Part 3. Feminism and Human Rights
8. Shirin Ebadi
9. Lila Abu Lughod
10. Saba Mahmood
11. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak
Part 4. Secularism and Islam
12. Talal Asad
13. Gil Anidjar
Notes on Interviewees
Notes
Index

Editorial Reviews

This collection brings together a diverse and challenging group of intellectuals to address key themes in globalization and contemporary politics. These interviews with major contemporary intellectuals offer lively and engaged ways of thinking about secularism, new global formations of power, and imperialism. These conversations are interventions in and of the present, but they offer historical perspectives that challenge dominant ways of dividing and misunderstanding our current world. The interviews are probing and pointed and suggest that we need records of such active intellectual exchange to contest the current maps of power and to chart the way toward a more just and comprehensive understanding of contemporary political reality.