The Primacy of Vision in Virgils Aeneid

Paperback | July 1, 2010

byRiggs Alden Smith

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One of the masterpieces of Latin and, indeed, world literature, Virgil's Aeneid was written during the Augustan "renaissance" of architecture, art, and literature that redefined the Roman world in the early years of the empire. This period was marked by a transition from the use of rhetoric as a means of public persuasion to the use of images to display imperial power. Taking a fresh approach to Virgil's epic poem, Riggs Alden Smith argues that the Aeneid fundamentally participates in the Augustan shift from rhetoric to imagery because it gives primacy to vision over speech as the principal means of gathering and conveying information as it recounts the heroic adventures of Aeneas, the legendary founder of Rome.

Working from the theories of French phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Smith characterizes Aeneas as a voyant-visible, a person who both sees and is seen and who approaches the world through the faculty of vision. Engaging in close readings of key episodes throughout the poem, Smith shows how Aeneas repeatedly acts on what he sees rather than what he hears. Smith views Aeneas' final act of slaying Turnus, a character associated with the power of oratory, as the victory of vision over rhetoric, a triumph that reflects the ascendancy of visual symbols within Augustan society. Smith's new interpretation of the predominance of vision in the Aeneid makes it plain that Virgil's epic contributes to a new visual culture and a new mythology of Imperial Rome.

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One of the masterpieces of Latin and, indeed, world literature, Virgil's Aeneid was written during the Augustan "renaissance" of architecture, art, and literature that redefined the Roman world in the early years of the empire. This period was marked by a transition from the use of rhetoric as a means of public persuasion to the use of...

RIGGS ALDEN SMITH is Associate Professor of Classics and Associate Dean of the Honors College at Baylor University.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:271 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.68 inPublished:July 1, 2010Publisher:University Of Texas PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292726228

ISBN - 13:9780292726222

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Table of Contents

Preface and AcknowledgmentsText and Art AcknowledgmentsAbbreviationsChapter 1. Prophaenomena ad VergiliumTheoryTheoriaAnte ora patrumThe Scope of the ArgumentChapter 2. Ruse and Revelation: Visions of the Divine and the Telos of NarrativeSeen/UnseenGods RevealedA God in the MidstChapter 3. Vision Past and FutureHector and the PenatesHindsight to Foresight: Andromache and AeneasImago CreusaeVision and Temporal Modality in Aeneas' KatabasisSite/Sight of RomeConclusionChapter 4. Hic amor: Love, Vision, and DestinyAliud genus officii: Vision and the Second FavorViewpoints of Departure: Deception, Vision, and the Separation of Dido and AeneasFixos OculosLauiniaque uenitConclusionChapter 5. Vision's Victory and the Telos of NarrativeFailure of Rhetoric (Part 1): Effete oratoresDrances and Turnus: Opposing VisionsHercules and Cacus: Light, Darkness, and DictionFailure of Rhetoric (Part 2): The Futility of Battlefield Entreaty in Books 10-12Failure of Rhetoric (Part 3): Sight Makes Right and the Aeneid's FinaleChapter 6. ConclusionNotesBibliography

Editorial Reviews

In sum, this book makes an important contribution to the analysis of the Aeneid.... It deserves the close attention and lively interest of all scholars of the Aeneid.