The Psychology of the Common Branches

Paperback | January 8, 2012

byFrank Nugent Freeman

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This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text, images, or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1916. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER IX MATHEMATICS: ABSTRACT THOUGHT Number an abstract mental process In the mental processes and the forms of learning which have been discussed so far the responses have been governed in the main by the specific character of the objects which served as stimuli to them. In handwriting, the motor coordination is governed and directed by the specific form of the individual letters. In drawing, reading, and other forms of perceptual learning, the aim is to develop the recognition of objects in their particular character, and the facts which are significant concern the special characteristics of objects which distinguish them from others. Even in imagination, in which experience is extended beyond the concrete world which is present to the senses, the reference is still ultimately, in large measure, to the nature of the world as it is presented in perception. The characteristics of objects in which interest and attention center are their " real " characteristics, even though they are represented indirectly in the imagination. In number we have to do with a mental process which employs concrete experience only as a starting-point. As soon as the number symbols have acquired a meaning through concrete experience they become largely independent of it. How this abstract number idea develops we shall see in the following paragraphs. The child first distinguishes between one and two or between more and less. The stages by which the child comes to the full number idea are gradual. His earliest idea of number is probably the distinction between one thing and two things, or is little more than the distinction between more and less. If he has two balls or playthings which are exactly alike, he knows when one of them is missing, and this appears to be the earlie...

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This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text, images, or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1916. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER IX MATHEMATICS: ABSTRACT THOUGHT Number an abstract mental process In the mental processes and the forms of learning...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:68 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.14 inPublished:January 8, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217283802

ISBN - 13:9780217283809

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