The Responsibility to Prevent: Overcoming the Challenges of Atrocity Prevention

Hardcover | September 20, 2015

EditorSerena K. Sharma, Jennifer M. Welsh

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Among the constitutive elements of the responsibility to protect (R2P), prevention has been deemed by many as the most important. Drawing on contributions from an international group of academics and practitioners, this book seeks to improve our knowledge of how to operationalize theresponsibility to prevent genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and ethnic cleansing. The central argument is that the responsibility to prevent should be conceptualized as crimes prevention. The first part of the volume develops a strategic framework, which includes identifying the appropriate scope and substance of R2Ps preventive dimension and distinguishing between systemic andtargeted approaches. The second section examines some of the tools that can be used, and have been used, to prevent the escalation of dynamics towards the commission of atrocity crimes (tools such as sanctions, mediation, international criminal justice, and the use of military means), as well as theoperational challenges that tend to obstruct global efforts to prevent such crimes. The third and final section draws lessons from actual cases of preventive action, both historical and recent, about the relative success of particular tools and approaches. As the first edited collection of its kind, devoted exclusively to the preventive dimension of R2P, The Responsibility to Prevent intends to inform and shape the growing debate on how to approach atrocity crime prevention and how to build the capacities needed to implement the imperatives at theheart of R2P.

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Among the constitutive elements of the responsibility to protect (R2P), prevention has been deemed by many as the most important. Drawing on contributions from an international group of academics and practitioners, this book seeks to improve our knowledge of how to operationalize theresponsibility to prevent genocide, crimes against hu...

Dr Serena Sharma is a Lecturer in the Defence Studies Department at King's College. Prior to joining King's Serena was based at the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law, and Armed Conflict (ELAC) in Oxford University's Department of International Relations. She also held a Lectureship in International Relations at the Queen's College and a...

other books by Serena K. Sharma

Format:HardcoverDimensions:304 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 1.23 inPublished:September 20, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198717784

ISBN - 13:9780198717782

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Table of Contents

Serena K. Sharma and Jennifer M. Welsh: IntroductionPart I: Concepts and Capacities1. Ruben Reike, Serena K. Sharma and Jennifer M. Welsh: Conceptualizing the Responsibility to Prevent2. Ekkehard Strauss: Institutional Capacities of the United Nations to Prevent and Halt Atrocity Crimes3. Monica Serrano: National Focal Points for R2P: Institutionalizing the Responsibility to PreventPart II: Targeted Preventive Tools4. Jennifer M. Welsh: Mediation and Sanctions: Applying Conflict Prevention Tools in Atrocity Crime Settings5. Dan Saxon: The International Criminal Court and the Prevention of Crimes6. Sarah Sewall: Military Options for Preventing Atrocity Crimes7. Jonathan Leader Maynard: Combating Atrocity-Justifying IdeologiesPart III: Case Studies8. Abiodun Williams: The Possibilities for Preventive Deployment: The Case of Macedonia9. Walter Lotze and Alexandra Martins: The Responsibility to Prevent Atrocity Crimes: Drawing Lessons from International Intervention in Burundi10. Serena K. Sharma: The 2007-08 Post-Election Crisis in Kenya: A Case of Escalation Prevention11. Naomi Kikoler: Guinea: An Overlooked Case of the Responsibility to Prevent in Practice12. Ruben Reike: Libya and the Prevention of Mass Atrocity Crimes: A Controversial SuccessSerena K. Sharma and Jennifer M. Welsh: Conclusion: An Integrated Framework for Atrocity Prevention