The role of instinct in social philosophy

Paperback | January 31, 2012

byCharles Conant Josey

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1921. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER III INSTINCT IN SOCIOLOGY In the last chapter I pointed out that instincts and impulses are posited in the organism in answer to the need felt for accounting for activity. But instincts are not only regarded as the motive forces behind activity, they are also regarded as forces which mould and shape activity. This is clearly seen in McDougall's claim that they "are the mental forces that maintain and shape all the life of individuals and societies."1 It is also seen in his definition of the task of social psychology, which is "to show how, given the native propensities and capacities of the individual human mind, all the complex mental life of societies is shaped by them."2 Thorndike also makes claims regarding the relation of man's original nature to culture that might cause one to think that considerable light is thrown on culture by original nature. According to Thorndike: "The behavior of man in the family, in business, in the state, in religion, and in every other affair of life is rooted in his unlearned, original equipment of instincts and capacities."3 "Human intercourse and institutions are as surely rooted and grounded in original nature as man's struggle with the rest of nature for food and safety."4 1 Social Psychology, 43. 2 ibid., 18. 3 Educational Psychology, Vol. I, 4. ibid., 181. In the first statement, Thorndike probably means little more than that in whatever walk of life man may be placed, his behavior will be the result of his innate characteristics and the way they have been affected by his experiences. In this he has a valuable way of emphasizing innate differences between individuals, and to forcibly impress on us that the behavior of one individual cannot be made the same as that of another individual no matter how he is ...

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1921. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER III INSTINCT IN SOCIOLOGY In the last chapter I pointed out that instincts and impulses are posited in the organism in...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:30 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.06 inPublished:January 31, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217396771

ISBN - 13:9780217396776

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