The Romans: From Village to Empire

Paperback | December 5, 2011

byMary Boatwright, Daniel Gargola, Noel Lenski

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How did a single village community in the Italian peninsula eventually become one of the most powerful imperial powers the world has ever known? In The Romans: From Village to Empire, second edition, Mary T. Boatwright, Daniel J. Gargola, Richard J.A. Talbert, and new coauthor Noel Lenskiexplore this question as they guide students through a comprehensive sweep of Roman history, ranging from the prehistoric settlements to the fall of the empire in 476. Addressing issues that still confront modern states worldwide - including warfare, empire building, consensus forging, and politicalfragmentation - the authors also provide glimpses into everyday Roman life and perspective, demonstrating how Rome's growth as a state is inseparable from its social and cultural development.Vividly written and accessible, The Romans, second edition, traces Rome's remarkable evolution from village, to monarchy, to republic, to one-man rule by an emperor - whose power at its peak stretched from Scotland to Iraq and the Nile Valley - to the empire's fall in 476. Firmly grounded in ancientliterary and material sources, the text describes and analyzes major political and military landmarks, from the Punic Wars, to Caesar's conquest of Gaul and his crossing of the Rubicon, to the victory of Octavian over Mark Antony, and through Constantine's adoption of Christianity. Featuring two newchapters (13 and 14), the second edition extends the book's coverage through the rise of Christianity, the growth of the Barbarian threat, the final years of the empire, its fall in 476, and, finally, to its revival in the East as Byzantium. This edition also combines chapters 1 and 2 into one -"Archaic Italy and the Origins of Rome" - and integrates more material on women, religion, and cultural history throughout.Ideal for courses in Roman history and Roman civilization, The Romans, second edition, is enhanced by two new 8-page, 4-color inserts and almost 100 extensively captioned illustrations. It also includes more than 30 ancient maps, revised and improved under the supervision of coauthor Richard J. A.Talbert, and textual extracts that provide fascinating cultural observations made by ancient Romans themselves. A new Image Bank CD contains PowerPoint-based slides of all the photos and maps in the text.

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From the Publisher

How did a single village community in the Italian peninsula eventually become one of the most powerful imperial powers the world has ever known? In The Romans: From Village to Empire, second edition, Mary T. Boatwright, Daniel J. Gargola, Richard J.A. Talbert, and new coauthor Noel Lenskiexplore this question as they guide students thr...

Mary Boatwright is Professor of Ancient History in the Department of Classical Studies at Duke University. Daniel Gargola is Associate Professor of History at the University of Kentucky, Lexington. Noel Lenski is Professor and Chair of Classics Department at University of Colorado, Boulder and Editor of The Cambridge Companion to the A...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:592 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:December 5, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199730571

ISBN - 13:9780199730575

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

MapsFiguresPrefaceAcknowledgmentsNotes to the Reader1. Archaic Italy and the Origins of RomeItaly and the Mediterranean WorldThe EvidenceItaly Before the CityGreeks and Phoenicians in the Central MediterraneanThe Rise of CitiesBeginning of WritingAppearance of an EliteCities and Monumental ArchitectureWarfare in the Orientalizing and Archaic PeriodsSocial and Economic OrganizationGreeks and EtruscansGreek Cities of Southern Italy and SicilyEtruscansThe Emergence of RomeThe Romans and Their Early HistoryTable 1.1 Dates of Rome's Kings According to VarroBox 2.1 Plutarch, RomulusPolitics and Society under the KingsRome and the Latins2. Republican Rome and the Conquest of ItalyThe Early RepublicRome and Its Neighbors in the Fifth CenturyStruggle of the OrdersFall of Veii and the Sack of RomeThe City and Its Institutions in the Fourth CenturyOfficialsSenateAssemblies of CitizensBox 2.1 Servius Tullius' Creation of the Census (Livy)Table 2.1 Roman AssembliesThe City, Its Gods, and Its PriestsBox 2.2 The Roman Games (Dionysius of Halicarnassus)Rome and Central ItalyWarfare and the Civic OrderRome in Latium and CampaniaExpansion of Roman Control Over ItalyWars in Central and Northern ItalyConquest of the SouthWar and the Roman State3. The Beginnings of a Mediterranean EmpireSourcesThe Nobility and the City of RomeBox 3.1 Triumph of Scipio Africanus (Appian)Wars with CarthageFirst Punic War (264-241)Second Punic War (218-201)Box 3.2 NEWA Mediterranean EmpireGovernor's, Provinces, and EmpireSpainGreece and Asia MinorBox 3.3 NEWNorth Africa4. Italy and EmpireSenators, Officials, and Citizen AssembliesItaly and the Consequences of EmpireChanging Relations Between Rome, Its Municipia, and AlliesRoman and Italian ElitesBox 4.1 Scipio Africanus' Army Loots Carthago Nova (Polybius and Livy)Demographic and Economic ChangesRoman Politics from the Mid-Second CenturyScipio AemilianusTiberius GracchusBox 4.2 NEWGaius Gracchus5. Italy Threatened, Enfranchised, DividedChanges in Roman SocietyWar with Jugurtha (112-105)Italy Threatened from the North (113-101)Box 5.1 NEWChanges in the Roman ArmyMarius' Career in Roman PoliticsBox 5.2 Marius' Bid for the Consulship (Sallust)Sixth Consulship of Marius and Second Tribunate of Saturninus (100)Administration of the ProvincesTribunate of Livius Drusus (91)Social War (91-87)Tribunate of Sulpicius Rufus (88)Sulla's First March on Rome (88)Cinna's Rule (87-84)Sulla's Second March on Rome (83-83)6. The Domination of Sulla and Its LegacySulla's Proscriptions (82-81)Sulla the Dictator and His Program (82-81)SenateTribunateEquites, CourtsCitizensGovernorsVerdicts on Sulla's ProgramBox 6.1 Cicero's Defense of Sextus RosciusLepidus' Rising and Its Aftermath (78-77)Challenge from Sertorius in Spain (80-73)Box 6.2 Pompey's Letter from Spain (Sallust)Spartacus's Slave Revolt (73-71)Consulship of Crassus and Pompey (70)Pompey Frees the Mediterranean of Pirates (67)Threat from King Mithrades VI of PontusSulla's Campaign Against Mithridates (87-85)Lucullus' Struggle with Mithridates (74-67)Pompey's Defeat of Mithridates (66-63)Roles of Cassus and Cicero in Rome (66-63)Caitline's Rising (63-62)7. End of the Republic: Caesar's DictatorshipSourcesPompey's Return from the East (62)Pompey and Political Stalemate in RomePartnership of Pompey, Crassus, and CaesarCaesar's First Consulship (59)Clodius' Tribunate (58)Cicero's Recall and the Renewal of the Triumvirate (57-56)Caesar's Campaigns in Gaul (58-51)Death of Clodius and Pompey's Sole Consulship (52)Prospect of Civil War (51-49)Causes and Consequences of Caesar Crossing the Rubicon (January 49)Cicero's Governorship of Cilcia (51-50)Civil War Campaigns (49-45)Caesar's Activity as Dictator (49-44)Caesar's Impact Upon the City of RomePolitical Prospects for Rome, and for Caesar8. Augustus and the Transformation of the Roman WorldReactions to the Assassination of Caesar (44-43)Emergence of a Second Triumvirate (43)Battle of Philippi (42)Box 8.1 Laudatio TuriaePerusine War (41-40)Elimination of Sextus Pompey and Lepidus (39-36)Antony in the East (42 onwards)Clash Between Antony and Octavian (36-30)Octavian as Sole Ruler (30 Onwards)"The Republic Restored"Second SettlementThe Roman Family in the Augustan PeriodSuccessionTable 8.1 The Julio-Claudian FamilySenate and EquitesArmyThe Empire and Its ExpansionBox 8.2 Oath of LoyaltyLatin Literature in the Late Republic and Augustan AgeCity of RomeAttitudes Outside romeRes Gestae of AugustusAugustus: Final Assessment9. The Early Principate (A.D. 14-69): The Julio-Claudians, the Civil War of 68-69, and Life in the Early EmpireSourcesThe Julio-Claudian Emperors: Civil Government and Military ConcernsTiberius (14-37)Box 9.1 Senatorial Decree Concerning the Elder Gnaeus PisoGaius (Caligula) (37-41)Claudius (41-54)Box 9.2 Claudius' Speech on the Admission of Gauls to the SenateNero (54-68)Civil War in 68-69: Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and VespasianEconomic and Social Change: ArmyEconomyIntellectual Life"Beneficial Ideology"Cities and ProvincesWomenDiversity: Local Languages and CultureReligious Practices and PrinciplesImperial Cult10. Institutionalization of the Principate: Military Expansion and Its Limits, the Empire and the Provinces (69-138)SourcesInstitutionalization of the PrincipateVespasian (69-79)Titus (79-81)Domitian (81-96)A New, Better Era?Nerva (96-98)Trajan (98-117)Hadiran (117-138)Table 10.1 The Antonine FamilyBox 10.1 Hadrian Inspects Troops at Lambaesis, NumidiaRoman Cities and the Empire's PeoplesTheaters and ProcessionsCircuses and Chariot RacingThe Amphitheather, and Gladitorial GamesOther Urban AmenitiesEducationState Religion and Imperial Cult11. Italy and the Provinces: Civil and Military Affairs (138-235)SourcesAntoninus Pius (138-161)Marcus Aurelius (161-180) and Lucius Verus (161-169)Box 11.1 A Greek Provincial Praises Roman CitizenshipBox 11.2 Morbidity and Mortality in the Roman EmpireCommodus (176-192, Ruling as Sole Augustus After 180)Civil War and the Rise of Septimus Severus (193-211)Table 11.1 The Severan FamilyBox 11.3 Deification Ceremonies for Pertinax in Septimus Severus' RomeCaracalla (198-217, Ruling as Sole Augustus After 211)Macrinus (217-218)Elagabalus (218-222)Severus Alexander (222-235)Roman LawRoman CitizenshipBox 11.4 Grant of Roman Citizenship (Tabula Banasitana)Rome and ChristianityBox 11.5 Pliny, Trajan, and Christians12. The Third Century Crisis and the Tetrarchic RestabilizationSourcesMid-Third CenturyAurelian (270-275)Diocletian, the Tetrarchy, and the Dominate (284-305)Dissolution of the Tetrarchy (305-313), and the Rise of Constantine (306-324)Box 12.1 Galerius' Edict of TolerationAdministrative Reorganization Under the DominateBox 12.2 The Tetrarchs Introduce Their Edict on Maximum Prices13. The Rise of Christianity and the Growth of the Barbarian Threat (324-395)SourcesConstantine: A Christian EmperorThe Sons of Constantine (337-361): The Power of DynastyTable 13.1 The Constantinian FamilyJulian (361-363): A Test of the Christian EmpireBox 13.1: Julian attempts to bring paganism into line with Christianity.Jovian, Valentinian I, and Valiens (363-378)Gratian, Valentinian II, and Theodosius I (379-395)New Elites for the EmpirePaganism and Christianity14. The Final Years of the Western Empire and Rome's Revival in the EastSourcesThe Theodosian Dynasty to the First Sack of Rome (395-410)Table 14.1 The Theodsian FamilyThe Fall of the Western Empire (410-476)Box 14.1: The Gothic King Athaulf's Shifting Attitude toward RomeThe Growth of a Byzantine Empire in the East (408-491)A Christian CultureBox 14.2 Holy Land Pilgrimage and the Cult of RelicsWomen's Power in Late AntiquityThe "Decline and Fall" of the Roman EmpireTimelineGlossaryPrincipal Ancient AuthorsArt CreditsIndexGazetteer

Editorial Reviews

"This is the best textbook for students coming to Roman history for the first time. Its main qualities are an attractive and varied presentation, balance in the material, and readability . . . the writing style is attractive and clear." --Brian McGing, Trinity College, Dublin