The School of Montaigne in Early Modern Europe: Volume One: The Patron-Author and Volume Two: The Reader-Writer by Warren BoutcherThe School of Montaigne in Early Modern Europe: Volume One: The Patron-Author and Volume Two: The Reader-Writer by Warren Boutcher

The School of Montaigne in Early Modern Europe: Volume One: The Patron-Author and Volume Two: The…

byWarren Boutcher

Paperback | April 29, 2017

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This major two-volume study offers an interdisciplinary analysis of Montaigne's Essais and their fortunes in early modern Europe and the modern western university. Volume one focuses on contexts from within Montaigne's own milieu, and on the ways in which his book made him a patron-author orinstant classic in the eyes of his editor Marie de Gournay and his promoter Justus Lipsius. Volume two focuses on the reader-writers across Europe who used the Essais to make their own works, from corrected editions and translations in print, to life-writing and personal records in manuscript. The two volumes work together to offer a new picture of the book's significance in literary and intellectual history. Montaigne's is now usually understood to be the school of late humanism or of Pyrrhonian scepticism. This study argues that the school of Montaigne potentially included everyone inearly modern Europe with occasion and means to read and write for themselves and for their friends and family, unconstrained by an official function or scholastic institution. For the Essais were shaped by a battle that had intensified since the Reformation and that would continue through to thepre-Enlightenment period. It was a battle to regulate the educated individual's judgement in reading and acting upon the two books bequeathed by God to man. The book of scriptures and the book of nature were becoming more accessible through print and manuscript cultures. But at the same time thataccess was being mediated more intensively by teachers such as clerics and humanists, by censors and institutions, by learned authors of past and present, and by commentaries and glosses upon those authors. Montaigne enfranchised the unofficial reader-writer with liberties of judgement offered andtaken in the specific historical conditions of his era.The study draws on new ways of approaching literary history through the history of the book and of reading. The Essais are treated as a mobile, transnational work that travelled from Bordeaux to Paris and beyond to markets in other countries from England and Switzerland, to Italy and the LowCountries. Close analysis of editions, paratexts, translations, and annotated copies is informed by a distinct concept of the social context of a text. The concept is derived from anthropologist Alfred Gell's notion of the "art nexus": the specific types of actions and agency relations mediated byworks of art understood as "indexes" that give rise to inferences of particular kinds. Throughout the two volumes the focus is on the particular nexus in which a copy, an edition, an extract, is embedded, and on the way that nexus might be described by early-modern people.
Warren Boutcher is Professor of Renaissance Studies in the School of English and Drama, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Queen Mary University of London. He has published extensively on Montaigne and on humanism, translation, and the history of the book and of libraries in early modern England, France, and Italy.
Title:The School of Montaigne in Early Modern Europe: Volume One: The Patron-Author and Volume Two: The…Format:PaperbackDimensions:1056 pagesPublished:April 29, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198739672

ISBN - 13:9780198739678


Table of Contents

Volume oneGeneral preface: volumes one and twoAcknowledgementsList of illustrations: volumes one and twoAbbreviationsNote on texts, terms, and conventionsGeneral introduction: volumes one and two1 THE PATRON-AUTHORIntroduction: volume One1.1 Prologue: Literature and agency in late medieval and early modern Europe1.1.1 The force of the imagination1.1.2 Montaigne's medallion as index1.1.3 Art, agency, and the offices of self-knowledge1.1.4 The qualities of a freeman1.1.5 Reading-and-writing1.1.6 Lady Anne Clifford1.1.7 The book in the post-Reformation age1.1.8 Acting and conversing through books1.1.9 Imagines ingeniorum1.1.10 Montaigne's imago1.1.11 Pierre Eyquem's Sebond1.1.12 Paratexts and the story of a book1.1.13 Medallion and book1.1.14 Van Ravesteyn's portrait of Pieter van Veen1.1.15 Settings and situations1.2 Villey and the making of the modern critical reader1.2.1 This great reader1.2.2 Villey's reception1.2.3 Rival transcriptions of Montaigne's evolution1.2.4 Strowski and BrunetiAOre1.2.5 The distinctive evolution of Villey's Montaigne1.2.6 Creating an oeuvre1.3 The patron's oeuvre1.3.1 Montaigne's self-portrait: Essais (1580) II 17 and II 181.3.2 The Journal de voyage1.3.3 Urbino1.3.4 The Journal and the Essais1.3.5 Florence's patron1.3.6 The place of books in the patron's oeuvre1.3.7 Statues and books in Rome1.3.8 Two works by patron-authors1.3.9 Inauthentic patrons of books1.3.10 Coda: the patron's book1.4 Offices without names1.4.1 London 16031.4.2 The desire for knowledge and the fall of man1.4.3 Apology1.4.4 Madame de Duras and the art of balneology1.4.5 Offices without names in the Journal de voyage1.5 The unpremeditated and accidental philosopher1.5.1 Vettori and Montaigne on Tacitus1.5.2 Extracting and applying literary curiosities1.5.3 From ancient extracts to new pieces of man1.5.4 Pierre de Lancre1.5.5 Examining witches1.5.6 On the lame (in Pierre Dheure's eyes)1.5.7 The Montaigne effect1.6 Caring for fortunes1.6.1 'La franchise de ma conversation'1.6.2 Bienheureuse franchise1.6.3 The French Thales1.6.4 Gournay and Montaigneas cold reception1.6.5 Lipsius1.6.6 Montaigne's missing letters1.6.7 Pierre de Brachas letters: Montaigne as 'patron'1.6.8 Caring for fortunes1.6.9 The genesis of the Essais1.6.10 Amyot's Plutarch1.6.11 The III 12 anecdotes1.6.12 Essais I 23 (in 1580)1.6.13 La Boatie1.6.14 Pierre's Sebond and the liberty to judge1.7 Montaigne at Rome, 1580-81: The Essais and the Papal court1.7.1 Montaigne at Rome1.7.2 'Le Seneque de Rome'1.7.3 Censoring the 1580 Essais1.7.4 Roman topics in the Essais and the Journal1.7.5 Rome's liberty1.7.6 Montaigne's Roman citizenship1.7.7 Essais III 9, 'De la vanitACO' (1588)ConclusionBibliographyA. Manuscript and archival sources (including unique copies of printed books)B. Printed and other sourcesIndexVolume 2 Introduction2.1 Montaigne at Paris and Blois, 1588: La Boetie, the Essais, and the robins2.1.1 Montaigne at Paris and Blois, 15882.1.2 De Thou and Montaigne2.1.3 Sainte-Marthe and de Thou2.1.4 De Thou on La Boetie and Montaigne2.1.5 De Thou's portrait of Montaigne and the fortunes of his Historiae at Rome2.1.6 Montaigne in De Thou's Vita2.1.7 Essais2.1.8 Montaigne as L'Estoile's confessor2.1.9 Dangers for books in circulation2.2 Safe transpassage: Geneva and northeastern Italy2.2.1 Censoring the Essais on their travels2.2.2 Secure commercement2.2.3 'What boldness with another's writings!': Montaigne corrected for safe transpassage from Geneva to France2.2.4 The man with the book in one hand, the pen in the other2.2.5 The Genevan editions of 16022.2.6 The pastor who had the Essais printed at Geneva in 16022.2.7 Goulart and the Essais2.2.8 The Essais in the northeastern Italian city states2.2.9 Paolo Sarpi: The Venetian Socrates2.2.10 Girolamo Canini's Saggi2.2.11 The enfranchisement of Flavio Querenghi2.2.12 Conclusion: Ginammi, Naude and the modern re-inventers of ethics2.3 Learning mingled with nobility in Shakespeare's England2.3.1 The context of production of Florio's Montaigne2.3.2 The institution of the English nobility2.3.3 'Lecture and advise'2.3.4 Florio's 'institution and education of Children'2.3.5 The charge of the tutor2.3.6 Florio and Daniel on stately virtue2.3.7 Learned noble conference: from private reading to public stage2.3.8 Reading for Montaigne's Arcadia in Daniel and Shakespeare2.4 Reading Montaigne and writing lives in the north of England and the Low Countries2.4.1 The bookseller William London's catalogue of vendible books2.4.2 Knowing how to use books: Florio's Montaigne and Sir Henry Slingsby's 'Commentaries'2.4.3 The liberty of a subject2.4.4 Pieter van Veen's copy of Paris 16022.4.5 Otto van Veen's 'Self-Portrait with Family'2.4.6 Pieter van Veen's memoir2.4.7 Van Ravesteyn's portrait of the institution of the Van Veens2.4.8 Les Essais de Pieter van Veen2.5 Recording the history of secret thoughts in early modern France2.5.1 he breviary of urbane loafers and ignorant pseudointellectuals2.5.2 The 'affranchisement' of amateur reader-writers2.5.3 L'Estoile and the registre2.5.4 L'Estoile forges a life from reading-and-writing2.5.5 The Essais as registre2.5.6 Montaigne on the mantelpiece in Rheims2.5.7 Coda: Montaigne migrates to England2.6 The Essais framed for modern intellectual life2.6.1 Introduction2.6.2 German idealism and the modern Montaigne2.6.3 Burckhardt's inner man2.6.4 After Burckhardt2.6.5 Vidal as reader-writer of the Essays, 19922.6.6 Denby reads Frame's Montaigne, 19922.6.7 Indexing critical agency2.6.8 The American school of Montaigne2.6.9 Montaigne and the modern critical agent2.6.10 The postmodern Montaigne2.7 Epilogue: Enfranchising the reader-writer in late medieval and early modern Europe2.7.1 Auerbach's Montaigne2.7.2 Nexuses in the history of the Essais2.7.3 Bishop Camus on the Essais2.7.4 Two copies of Paris 16022.7.5 L'Estoile and Charron2.7.6 Pierre Bayle's Montaigne2.7.7 L'Estoile and the Essais as registre2.7.8 The age of learning and the learned book2.7.9 The battle over the enfranchisement of the reader-writer2.7.10 The Essais beneath the battle2.7.11 How can a book be free from servitude?ConclusionBibliography