The Scottish Parliament Before the Union of the Crowns by Robert Sangster RaitThe Scottish Parliament Before the Union of the Crowns by Robert Sangster Rait

The Scottish Parliament Before the Union of the Crowns

byRobert Sangster Rait

Paperback | January 15, 2012

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This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1901. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... I.--Origin, Membership, And Method 1. The two most important dividing lines in Scottish history between the tenth century and the sixteenth are the reign of David I (1124-1153) and the War of Independence, which forms a distinct period not less in constitutional than in political history. Before the reign of David I, the Scottish kings had a council of seven mormaers or earls; but it is difficult to assign to these any definite status or power, and we are unable to speak definitely of a General Council till the mormaers had become feudal barons. The change is to be attributed to the work of David I. His Saxon mother, St. Margaret, had made many changes in her husband's kingdom, and, by bringing Scotland into line with other European nations in ecclesiastical matters, had prepared the way for her son, who was to place his people under the sway of the great feudal impulse which was transforming the nations of Europe. Under David, the new influences were Norman rather than Saxon. Norman adventurers, like those who had made for themselves kingdoms in England, in Italy, and in the Holy Land, came to the Scottish court, and received grants of land in the south and east of Scotland. In this connection, we find, first of all, names which were to be the most illustrious in the annals of the country. To David I the Bruces owed their lands of Annandale, and the Fitzalans, who were to become the royal house of Stewart, received from him their earliest possessions in their future kingdom. By such grants of land Scotland was transformed from a tribal into a feudal country, and there arose a royal council formed on the normal feudal theory. The "sair sanct for the crown" completed his work by adding five to the four already existing bishoprics, and by founding the great abbeys...
Title:The Scottish Parliament Before the Union of the CrownsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:34 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.07 inPublished:January 15, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:021737042X

ISBN - 13:9780217370424