The Secular Clergy in England, 1066-1216

Hardcover | October 29, 2014

byHugh M. Thomas

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The secular clergy - priests and other clerics outside of monastic orders - were among the most influential and powerful groups in European society during the central Middle Ages. The secular clergy got their title from the Latin word for world, saeculum, and secular clerics kept the Churchrunning in the world beyond the cloister wall, with responsibility for the bulk of pastoral care and ecclesiastical administration. This gave them enormous religious influence, although they were considered too worldly by many contemporary moralists - trying, for instance, to oppose the eliminationof clerical marriage and concubinage. Although their worldliness created many tensions, it also gave the secular clergy much worldly influence. Contemporaries treated elite secular clerics as equivalent to knights, and some were as wealthy as minor barons. Secular clerics had a huge role in the rise of royal bureaucracy, one of the keyhistorical developments of the period. They were instrumental to the intellectual and cultural flowering of the twelfth century, the rise of the schools, the creation of the book trade, and the invention of universities. They performed music, produced literature in a variety of genres and languages,and patronized art and architecture. Indeed, this volume argues that they contributed more than any other group to the Twelfth-Century Renaissance. Yet the secular clergy as a group have received almost no attention from scholars, unlike monks, nuns, or secular nobles. In The Secular Clergy inEngland, 1066-1216, Hugh Thomas aims to correct this deficiency through a major study of the secular clergy below the level of bishop in England from 1066 to 1216.

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The secular clergy - priests and other clerics outside of monastic orders - were among the most influential and powerful groups in European society during the central Middle Ages. The secular clergy got their title from the Latin word for world, saeculum, and secular clerics kept the Churchrunning in the world beyond the cloister wall,...

Hugh M. Thomas received his Ph.D. from Yale University in 1988 and has taught medieval history at the University of Miami since then. He has published three previous books and a number of articles and has had fellowships at the University of Miami's Center for the Humanities, the University of Pennsylvania, the National Humanities Cen...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:442 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.1 inPublished:October 29, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198702566

ISBN - 13:9780198702566

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Table of Contents

Part I: Models of Clerical Behavior1. Introduction2. The Model Priest and his Antithesis3. The Aristocratic ClericPart II: The Clergy and the World4. The Wealth of the Secular Clergy5. Patronage and Advancement6. Courtiers, Bureaucrats, and Hell7. Clerical Marriage and Clerical Celibacy8. Kinship, Household, Hospitality, and Friendship9. Violence, Clerical Status, and the Issue of Criminous ClerksPart III: The Cultural and Intellectual Impact of the Clergy10. English Secular Clerics and the Growth of European Intellectual Life in the Twelfth-Century Renaissance11. Secular Clerics as Collectors and Donors of Books12. Secular Clerics as Authors and Intellectuals13. Secular Clerics as Cultural Patrons and PerformersPart IV: The Religious Life of the Clergy14. Clerics and Religious Life15. The War against the MonksConclusionBibliography