The Sleep Of Behemoth: Disputing Peace and Violence in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200 by Jehangir Yezdi MalegamThe Sleep Of Behemoth: Disputing Peace and Violence in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200 by Jehangir Yezdi Malegam

The Sleep Of Behemoth: Disputing Peace and Violence in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200

byJehangir Yezdi Malegam

Hardcover | April 16, 2013

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In The Sleep of Behemoth, Jehangir Yezdi Malegam explores the emergence of conflicting concepts of peace in western Europe during the High Middle Ages. Ever since the early Church, Christian thinkers had conceived of their peace separate from the peace of the world, guarded by the sacraments and shared only grudgingly with powers and principalities. To kingdoms and communities they had allowed attenuated versions of this peace, modes of accommodation and domination that had tranquility as the goal. After 1000, reformers in the papal curia and monks and canons in the intellectual circles of northern France began to reimagine the Church as an engine of true peace, whose task it was eventually to absorb all peoples through progressive acts of revolutionary peacemaking. Peace as they envisioned it became a mandate for reform through conflict, coercion, and insurrection. And the pursuit of mere tranquility appeared dangerous, and even diabolical.

As Malegam shows, within western Christendom's major centers of intellectual activity and political thought, the clergy competed over the meaning and monopolization of the term "peace," contrasting it with what one canon lawyer called the "sleep of Behemoth," a diabolical "false" peace of lassitude and complacency, one that produced unsuitable forms of community and friendship that must be overturned at all costs. Out of this contest over the meaning and ownership of true peace, Malegam concludes, medieval thinkers developed theologies that shaped secular political theory in the later Middle Ages. The Sleep of Behemoth traces this radical experiment in redefining the meaning of peace from the papal courts of Rome and the schools of Laon, Liege, and Paris to its gradual spread across the continent and its impact on such developments as the rise of papal monarchism; the growth of urban, communal self-government; and the emergence of secular and mystical scholasticism.

Jehangir Yezdi Malegam is Andrew W. Mellon Assistant Professor of History at Duke University.
Title:The Sleep Of Behemoth: Disputing Peace and Violence in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200Format:HardcoverDimensions:352 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.39 inPublished:April 16, 2013Publisher:CORNELL UNIVERSITY PRESSLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0801451329

ISBN - 13:9780801451324

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Table of Contents


1. Revising Peace: Reform and the Millennium

2. The Papal Reform: Peace Espoused and Repudiated

3. False Sacraments: Violence, Captivity, and Insurrection

4. Dueling Sacraments: The Communion of Judas Iscariot

5. Inner Peace: Discord, Discretion, and Discipline

6. Exporting Peace: Ecclesiology and Evangelism

7. Communes: Inversions of Peace

8. Disciplining Behemoth: Provisions for Secular Peace



Editorial Reviews

"Drawing on an impressive range of sources, from patristic writings to chronicles, and polemical tracts to Biblical commentaries, Jehangir Yezdi Malegam deftly elucidates the sometimes surprising clerical discourses surrounding peace and violence in the Central Middle Ages. For its insights on topics such as Canossa, amicitia, the Cisterican Order, communes, the Lombard League, the Peace of God, and many more, this rich work of intellectual history demands and repays the attention of institutional historians."—Adam J. Kosto, Columbia University, author of Hostages in the Middle Ages