The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder by I. William ZartmanThe Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder by I. William Zartman

The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder

EditorI. William Zartman, Mark Anstey, Paul Meerts

Hardcover | January 12, 2012

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Genocide results from the culmination of conflicts over identity. A group of people that feels threatened by extinction resorts to genocide as a pathologically defensive reaction. This poses a security dilemma that can only be broken by quelling the feelings of threat and fear that prompt massviolence. In order to prevent genocide, it is essential to understand the internal dynamics of identity conflict. It is also important to intervene at the early stages of identity conflict; the parties involved require external help to ease tensions. In this volume, noted thinkers and practitioners of conflict management, who hail from ten different countries, present ideas on how to prevent identity issues from causing fear and escalating into genocide. They focus on measures for handling the internal dynamics of parties facing identityconflicts, as well as considerations for arranging external assistance. Contributors address the problem of outbidders, actors whose non-conciliatory attitudes put them in positions of leadership in their identity groups. Since political extremism and violence can signal resolve and commitment to agroup cause, moderates give way to hardliners. Spoilers, who believe that peace undermines their interests and power, also play a key role in the dynamics of conflicts. Careful attention is necessary to select appropriate third parties who can pull conflicting parties off the course of conflict. Theauthors discuss the concepts and practices involved in changing structures and attitudes to ease tensions, as well as the measures interveners must take to work in the midst of conflicting groups.
I. William Zartman is Jacob Blaustein Professor Emeritus at The Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington DC. His books include Cowardly Lions: Missed Opportunities to Prevent Deadly Conflict and State Collapse and Negotiation and Conflict Management. Mark Anstey is Professor at Michigan Sta...
Title:The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass MurderFormat:HardcoverDimensions:416 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:January 12, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199791740

ISBN - 13:9780199791743


Table of Contents

Part I. Introduction1. Mark Anstey and I. William Zartman: The Problem: Preventing Identity Conflicts and Genocide2. Ervin Staub: The Roots and Prevention of Genocide and Related Mass ViolencePart II. Internal Dynamics: The Parties3. William A. Donohue: The Identity Trap: Managing Paradox in Crisis Bargaining4. Jesus Romero-Trillo: The Identity Narratives5. Ariel Macaspac Penetrante: Negotiating Memories and Justice in the Philippines6. Fen Osler Hampson: Diasporas and the Politics of Identity in International Negotiations7. Jannie Liljia: Outbidding and the Decision to Negotiate8. Jay Rothman: The Insides of Identity and Intragroup Conflict9. Marie-Joelle Zahar: Handling Spoilers and the Prospect of ViolencePart III. Intervention Dynamics: The Mediator10. Joshua Smilovitz: Mediation and Identity Conflicts11. Moty Cristal: The Challenge of Partnerism12. Frank Pfetsch: Conditions for Internal Conflict Resolution through External Intervention13. David Cunningham: Who Gets What in Peace Agreements?14. Franz Cede: Evolving International Law of Intervention and Prevention15. Peter Wallensteen, Frida Moller, and Erik Melander: The International Community Response16. Fedor Meerts and Tassos Coulaloglou: OSCE HCNM: Strategies of the Legitimate Intervener in Internal Identity Conflicts17. Mark Anstey: Negotiating Out of Conflict: External Interventions in AfricaPart IV. Conclusions18. I. William Zartman and Mark Anstey: Lessons for Theory19. Mart Anstey and Paul Meerts: Lessons for Practice